Xu Hướng 3/2023 # Word 2022: Aligning, Ordering, And Grouping Objects # Top 6 View | Hoisinhvienqnam.edu.vn

Xu Hướng 3/2023 # Word 2022: Aligning, Ordering, And Grouping Objects # Top 6 View

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There may be times when your documents have multiple objects, such as pictures, shapes, and text boxes. You can arrange the objects any way you want by aligning, grouping, ordering, and rotating them in various ways.

Optional: Download our practice document.

Watch the video below to learn more about arranging objects in Word.

To align two or more objects:

The objects will be aligned based on the selected option. In our example, the shapes are now aligned with each other.

Note that the Align Selected Objects option is selected by default, which allows you to align objects without moving them to a different part of the page. However, if you want to move the objects the top or bottom of the page, select Align to Page or Align to Margin before choosing an alignment option.

To distribute objects evenly:

If you have arranged your objects in a row or column, you may want them to be an equal distance from one another for a neater appearance. You can do this by distributing the objects horizontally or vertically.

The objects will be evenly spaced from one another.

Grouping objects

At times, you may want to group multiple objects into one object so they will stay together. This is usually easier than selecting them individually, and it also allows you to resize and move all of the objects at the same time.

To group objects:

The selected objects will now be grouped. There will be a single box with sizing handles around the entire group so you can move or resize all of the objects at the same time.

To ungroup objects:

The objects will be ungrouped.

Ordering objects

In addition to aligning objects, Word gives you the ability to arrange objects in a specific order. The ordering is important when two or more objects overlap because it determines which objects are in the front or the back.

Understanding levels

Objects are placed on different levels according to the order in which they were inserted into a document. In the example below, if we move the waves image to the beginning of the document, it covers up several of the text boxes. That’s because the image is currently on the highest-or top-level. However, we can change its level to put it behind the other objects.

To change an object’s level:

Select the object you want to move. In our example, we’ll select the image of the waves.

The objects will be reordered. In our example, the image is now behind the text on the left, but it’s still covering the shapes on the right.

In our example, the image has been moved behind everything else on the page, so all of the other text and shapes are visible.

To rotate or flip an object:

If you need to turn an object so it faces a different direction, you can rotate it to the left or right, or you can flip it horizontally or vertically.

The object will be rotated. In our example, we can now see the bubbles on the left that were previously hidden behind the text boxes.


Open our practice document.

Scroll to page 2 and select the picture of the waves at the top of the page.

Use the Rotate command to flip the waves vertically.

Use the Send to Back command to move the waves behind the Martinique text box.

Move the Martinique text box so it is near the bottom of the waves image.

Make sure the waves picture and Martinique text box are no longer selected. Hold down the Shift key, then select the text boxes containing Cleaning, Maintenance, Repair, and Restoration.

With the text boxes still selected, group them.

When you’re finished, your page should look something like this:


What Is The Latin Word Order?

One of the most commonly asked questions about Latin syntax is “What is the word order?” In an inflected language like Latin, the order of the words is less important than the ending regarding determining how each word functions in the sentence. A Latin sentence can be written subject first followed by the verb, followed by the object, just as in English. This form of the sentence is referred to as SVO. The Latin sentence can also be written a variety of other ways:

English: The girl loves the dog. SVO


Although the Latin word order is flexible, conventionally the Romans adhered to one of these forms for a simple declarative sentence, but with many exceptions. The most common form is the first Latin one above, SOV, (1): Puella canem amat. The ending on the nouns tells their roles in the sentence. The first noun, puella ‘girl,’ is a singular noun in the nominative case, so it is the subject. The second noun, canem ‘dog,’ has an accusative singular ending, so it is the object. The verb has a third person singular verb ending, so it goes with the subject of the sentence.

Word Order Provides Emphasis

Since Latin doesn’t require word order for basic comprehension, the fact that there is a fallback word order suggests that there is something word order does that the inflection doesn’t do. Latin word order is varied to emphasize particular words or for variety. Postponement, placing of words in unexpected positions, and juxtaposition were ways Romans achieved emphasis in their sentences, according to an excellent, public domain online Latin grammar, A Latin Grammar, by William Gardner Hale and Carl Darling Buck. First and last words are most important in writing. Speech is different: When talking, people emphasize words with pauses and pitch, but regarding Latin, most of us are more concerned with how to translate or write it than how to speak it.

“The girl loves the dog” is, superficially, a pretty boring sentence, but if the context were one where the expected object of her affection was a boy, then when you say “the girl loves the dog,” the dog is unexpected, and it becomes the most important word. To emphasize it you would say (2): Canem puella amat. If you had mistakenly thought the girl despised the dog, it would be the word love that required emphasis. The last place in the sentence is emphatic, but you could move it to an unexpected spot, at the front, to highlight further the fact that she loves it: (3): Amat puella canem.

Further Details

Let’s add a modifier: You have a lucky ( felix) girl who loves the dog today ( hodie). You would say in the basic SOV format:

(7): Puella felix canem hodie amat.

An adjective modifying a noun, or a genitive governing it, generally follows the noun, at least for the first noun in the sentence. Romans often separated modifiers from their nouns, thereby creating more interesting sentences. When there are pairs of nouns with modifiers, the nouns, and their modifiers may be ringed (chiastic construction ABba [Noun1-Adjective1-Adjective2-Noun2]) or parallel (BAba [Adjective1-Noun1-Adjective2-Noun2]). Assuming we know that the girl is lucky and happy and the boy is the one who is brave and strong, (nouns A and a, adjectives B and b) you could write:

(8): fortis puer et felix puella (BAba parallel)strong boy and fortunate girl

(9): puer fortis et felix puella (ABba chiastic)boy strong and fortunate girl

Here is a variation on the same theme:

(10): Aurea purpuream subnectit fibula vestem (BbAa) This is a so-called silver line.golden purple ties brooch garmentA golden brooch ties the purple garment.It is a line of Latin written by a master of Latin poetry, Vergil (Virgil) [Aeneid 4.139]. Here the verb precedes the subject-noun, which precedes the object-noun [VSO].

Hale and Buck provide other examples of variation on the SOV theme, which they say is rarely found, despite its being the standard.

a. The normal order of the modifiers of the verb and the verb itself is:1. Remoter modifiers (time, place, situation, cause, means, etc.).2. Indirect object.3. Direct object.4. Adverb.5. Verb.


Modifiers tend to follow their noun and precede their verb in the basic SOV sentence.

Although SOV is the basic structure, you may not find it very often.

Change Text Alignment Options In Word 2010

The four text alignment settings are deceptively simple, and there are quite a few hidden tricks and tips for this feature, as you’ll learn in this tutorial. When should you use Left, Center, Right, or Justify? Another frequent question is how to change the default alignment for new documents in Word 2010? Changing it will save you quite some time if you need to create documents other than left aligned (the default). Note that this tutorial focuses on your horizontal alignment settings; vertical alignment options will be covered when we talk about tables, whose cells can have no less than 9 alignment combinations!

Basic Word alignment settings

You will find the four text alignment buttons under the ” Home” tab in the Word 2010 ribbon. Here’s a screenshot of the default setting, where “Left” is selected; note that which button is current highlighted automatically changes based on the current position of the insertion point (blinking cursor).

Visual Communication 101: when should you use each alignment option?

This tutorial is about Word 2010, so we won’t hijack it into a layout presentation primer, but here are a few, basic pointers. Since most non-designers make the mistakes we’ll help you avoid, this may help your documents stand out from the crowd, quite useful for application papers or resumes. No design rule is ever absolute, so take what you can from these and adapt them as needed!

A mix of different text alignments in the same document create visual chaos; stick to one alignment, perhaps two. A cover sheet can gracefully contain three different alignments on the same page, but this is an exception (bottom left alignment in one corner, top right alignment for another corner, a center center for a title and sub header – for example). Aligning related text on the same side, possibly at the same distance from the side of the page, creates unity and visual cohesion; an invisible line (border) runs along the alignment side.

Just experiment for yourself:Justify vs. Left: in many cases, you’ll have to use the text alignment that is accepted as convention for your industry or the nature of your document. If you can choose between the two though, here are a few tips: “justify justified” text looks neater, but on long lines (“long line” is a perception correlated to font size, and paper dimension), justify justified can look more dense and uninviting to the eye. When writing for the screen (like this website, as opposed to paper), the reader’s screen resolution comes into play.

* Change screen resolution in Windows 7 *Change screen resolution in Windows Vista *Change screen resolution in Windows XP

Align differently a single line of text

Another way to force a separate alignment on a single line of text consists in adding a table to your document, since each row (and each cell) can have its own alignment.

Change default alignment for new Word documents

Delete Or Hide Objects/Controls On A Worksheet

Delete or Hide Objects/Controls on a worksheet

Shapes collection

Members of the Shapes collection are:

1. ActiveX controls (Control Toolbox) or a linked or embedded OLE objects2. Controls from the Forms toolbar3. Controls from the Drawing toolbar4. Pictures, charts, ………………

You see that all objects/controls are a member of the Shapes collection.

Below you find examples to delete or hide the members of this collection.

Tip: if you only want to hide all shapes for a moment then you can use the toggle shortcut Ctrl 6 (This is for the whole workbook)

Manual delete shapes

Note: for Activex(control toolbox) controls you must be in “Design Mode” in Excel 97-2003. Use the first button on the Control toolbox toolbar to toggle this mode.

With VBA code

Delete all shapes

Use this macro to delete all shapes on the worksheet, working in all Excel versions(also in 2007).

Sub Shapes1() 'Delete all Objects except Comments On Error Resume Next ActiveSheet.DrawingObjects.Visible = True ActiveSheet.DrawingObjects.Delete On Error GoTo 0 End Sub Sub Comments() ActiveSheet.Cells.ClearComments End Sub Sub NotUseThisMacro() 'Delete every shape in the Shapes collection Dim myshape As Shape For Each myshape In ActiveSheet.Shapes myshape.Delete Next myshape End Sub

Delete only specific shapes

What if you only want to delete control toolbox controls, Pictures or forms controls.You can loop through the collection and check the Type of the control.

12 = ActiveX control (control toolbox) or a linked or embedded OLE object.13 = Picture 8 = Forms controls

For Type 8 we use another macro to avoid the problem of losing AutoFilter and Data Validation dropdowns on your chúng tôi the example in this section “Delete only Forms controls”

Sub Shapes2() 'Loop through the Shapes collection and use the Type number of the control Dim myshape As Shape For Each myshape In ActiveSheet.Shapes ' ActiveX control (control toolbox) or a linked or embedded OLE object If chúng tôi = 12 Then myshape.Delete ' You can also use myshape.Visible = False Next myshape End Sub

If you want to know all the Type numbers of all controls on your worksheet you can run this macro to add a new worksheet with the names and Type numbers of all objects on your worksheet.You can find the number then that you must use in the code to delete the objects you want.

Sub ListAllObjectsActiveSheet() Dim NewSheet As Worksheet Dim MySheet As Worksheet Dim myshape As Shape Dim I As Long Set MySheet = ActiveSheet Set NewSheet = Worksheets.Add With NewSheet .Range("A1").Value = "Name" .Range("B1").Value = "Visible(-1) or Not Visible(0)" .Range("C1").Value = "Shape type" I = 2 For Each myshape In MySheet.Shapes .Cells(I, 1).Value = myshape.Name .Cells(I, 2).Value = myshape.Visible .Cells(I, 3).Value = myshape.Type I = I + 1 Next myshape .Range("A1:C1").Font.Bold = True .Columns.AutoFit .Range("A1:C" & Rows.Count).Sort Key1:=Range("C1"), _ Order1:=xlAscending, Header:=xlYes End With End Sub

Delete only Forms controls

This example avoid the problem of losing AutoFilter and Data Validation dropdowns on your worksheet when you use Type 8.

Sub Shapes4() 'Dave Peterson and Bob Phillips 'Example only for the Forms controls Dim shp As Shape Dim testStr As String For Each shp In ActiveSheet.Shapes If chúng tôi = 8 Then If shp.FormControlType = 2 Then testStr = "" On Error Resume Next testStr = shp.TopLeftCell.Address On Error GoTo 0 Else shp.Delete End If End If Next shp End Sub

In the workaround macro above we use FormControlType = 2 in the loop (xlDropDown). AutoFilter and Data Validation dropdowns do not have TopLeftCell.Address and the macro will not delete this DropDowns.

Other FormControl constants are:(only for the Forms controls)

xlButtonControl = 0xlCheckBox = 1xlDropDown = 2xlEditBox = 3 xlGroupBox = 4xlLabel = 5xlListBox = 6xlOptionButton = 7 xlScrollBar = 8xlSpinner = 9

Delete or Hide one shapeBecause all objects/controls are a member of the shapes collection we can use this to delete or hide one button, picture or ?

Sub Delete_One_Shape() ActiveSheet.Shapes("YourShapeName").Delete End Sub Sub Hide_One_Shape() ActiveSheet.Shapes("YourShapeName").Visible = False End Sub

Specific examples for Activex(control toolbox) or Forms controls

For most things the macros in the first section of this page are Ok but if you only want to delete Forms buttons or ActiveX buttons then look here for a few examples.

ActiveX controls (Control Toolbox) or linked or embedded OLE objects

Sub OLEObjects1() 'Hide all ActiveX controls(Control Toolbox)or linked or embedded OLE objects On Error Resume Next ActiveSheet.OLEObjects.Visible = False On Error GoTo 0 End Sub Sub OLEObjects2() 'Delete all ActiveX controls(Control Toolbox)or linked or embedded OLE objects On Error Resume Next ActiveSheet.OLEObjects.Visible = True ActiveSheet.OLEObjects.Delete On Error GoTo 0 End Sub Sub OLEObjects3() 'Delete/hide only all CommandButtons from the Control Toolbox Dim obj As OLEObject For Each obj In ActiveSheet.OLEObjects If TypeOf obj.Object Is MSForms.CommandButton Then obj.Delete ' or obj.Visible = False if you want to hide them End If Next End Sub

Others are :

MSForms.CheckBox MSForms.TextBox MSForms.OptionButtonMSForms.ListBoxMSForms.ComboBox MSForms.ToggleButtonMSForms.SpinButton MSForms.ScrollBar MSForms.LabelMSForms.Image

Sub OLEObjects4() 'Hide one ActiveX control(Control Toolbox)or a linked or embedded OLE object ActiveSheet.OLEObjects("CommandButton1").Visible = False End Sub Sub OLEObjects5() 'Delete one ActiveX control(Control Toolbox)or a linked or embedded OLE object ActiveSheet.OLEObjects("CommandButton1").Delete End Sub

Because Control Toolbox controls are also a member of the Shapes collection you can also use this :

Sub OLEObjects6() 'Hide one Control Toolbox button or Control ActiveSheet.Shapes("CommandButton1").Visible = False End Sub Sub OLEObjects7() 'Delete one Control Toolbox button or Control ActiveSheet.Shapes("CommandButton1").Delete End Sub

To clear textboxes or uncheck checkboxes you can use code like this :

Sub TestMe() Dim obj As OLEObject For Each obj In ActiveSheet.OLEObjects If TypeOf obj.Object Is MSForms.TextBox Then chúng tôi = "" End If If TypeOf obj.Object Is MSForms.CheckBox Then obj.Object.Value = False End If Next End Sub

Forms controls

Sub Forms1() 'Delete All Forms buttons ActiveSheet.Buttons.Delete End Sub Sub Forms2() 'Hide All Forms buttons ActiveSheet.Buttons.Visible = False End Sub Sub Forms3() 'Delete one Forms button ActiveSheet.Buttons("Button 1").Delete End Sub Sub Forms4() 'Hide one Forms button ActiveSheet.Buttons("Button 1").Visible = False End Sub

Instead of Buttons you can also use

OptionButtonsCheckBoxes DropDowns

Because Forms controls are also a member of the Shapes collection you can also use this

Sub Forms5() 'One Forms button or Control ActiveSheet.Shapes("Button 1").Delete End Sub Sub Forms6() 'One Forms button or Control ActiveSheet.Shapes("Button 1").Visible = False End Sub

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