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How To Format Microsoft Word Tables Using Table Styles

Apply and Modify Table Styles in Word Documents

Applies to: Microsoft ® Word ® 2013, 2023, 2023 or 365 (Windows)

You can apply table styles to your Word tables to format them quickly and consistently. Word is shipped with several built-in table styles or you can create your own. You can edit table styles by modifying borders, shading, character formatting, paragraph formatting and table properties. If your document includes multiple tables, table styles can save a lot of time.

Note: Buttons and Ribbon tabs may display in a different way (with or without text) depending on your version of Word, the size of your screen and your Control Panel settings. For Word 365 users, Ribbon tabs may appear with different names. For example, the Table Tools Design tab may appear as Table Design.

Recommended article: How to Keep a Microsoft Word Table Together on One Page

Table styles and themes

Every Word document uses a document theme which includes a font theme and color theme. The colors used in table styles are based on the color theme.

You can select document themes, color themes and font themes using the Themes, Colors or Fonts drop-down menus on the Design tab in the Ribbon:

Turning gridlines on

When you are working with tables, it’s a good idea to turn gridlines on. Borders, which are a format, will print. Gridlines do not print.

To turn on gridlines:

If your Word document contains multiple tables that you want to format in a consistent way, it’s best to use table styles rather than applying manual or direct formatting to each table.

To apply a table style to a table:

Hover over the various table styles. The table formatting will change as you move over different table styles in the gallery.

Below is the Table Styles gallery (the current theme is the Office theme):

Selecting Table Style Options

Once you have selected a table style, you can select different Table Style Options (which are affected by the formats in the table style).

To select Table Style Options:

In Table Style Options, check or uncheck Header Row. If this option is checked, the header row will be formatted differently from the body rows.

In Table Style Options, check or uncheck Total Row. If this option is checked, the last row will be formatted differently from the body rows.

In Table Style Options, check or uncheck Banded Rows or Banded Columns for alternate row or column shading.

In Table Style Options, check First Column or Last Column if you want the first or last column formatted differently from the other columns.

You can modify a table style in a Word document and all tables using that table style will change.

To modify a table style:

From the Apply Formatting to drop-down menu, select the element that you want to modify (such as Header row).

Select the desired formatting such as font, font size, font color, fill and border.

From the Apply Formatting to drop-down menu, select the next element that you want to modify.

Select the desired formatting such as font, font size, font color, fill and border.

Repeat for other elements.

Select Only in this document or New documents based on this template. If you select Only in this document, the modified style will only be available for the current document. If you select New documents based on this template, then the table style will be modified for future documents based on the current template (usually the Normal template).

Below is the Modify Style dialog box:

You can also modify Table Properties in a table style. Table properties include table alignment, row settings and cell margins.

To modify Table Properties in a table style:

Select any other formatting options you want to apply to the entire table.

Select Only in this document or New documents based on this template.

Below is the Table Properties dialog box with the Table tab selected:

You can also create a new or custom table style.

To create a custom table style:

Enter a name for the new table in the Name box.

Select the desired formatting.

Select Only in this document or New documents based on this template.

New Table Style appears at the bottom of the Table Styles gallery:

Clearing a table style

To clear a table style and remove formatting:

Clear appears at the bottom of the Table Styles gallery:

You can also set a default table style for new tables in the current document or all new documents.

To set a default table style:

Select This document only or All documents based on the chúng tôi template (the default template in Word is the Normal template).

If you are working with documents with multiple tables, formatting with table styles can ensure that your tables are formatted consistently and save a lot of time.

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More resources

10 Microsoft Word Tips, Tricks and Shortcuts for Selecting in Tables Microsoft Word Tricks to Keep Text Together (Words, Lines or Paragraphs) 14 Shortcuts to Quickly Select Text in Microsoft Word

Related courses

How Do I… Create And Format Tables In Word 2003?

This article was originally published on January 1, 2006.

If you’re a regular reader on TechRepublic, you may have seen my series covering various features in Microsoft Excel. While I am finished with that particular series (unless you send ideas for things you’d like to see, of course!), I will be tying this new series -all about Word-in with Excel fairly tightly.

That said, I won’t be doing much integrating with Excel in this particular article, which focuses on tables in Microsoft Word.

A little about this series

I mentioned above that tables are useful for a number of purposes. To that end, I will focus on two common uses of tables after providing an introduction:

How tables work

Using tables to create professional-looking forms

A lot about tables

The tables feature is so useful and popular in Word that Microsoft has devoted an entire menu ( Figure A) to this feature.

Over the course of this three-article series, we’ll cover every option on this menu.

Into this grid, you can put anything you like: text, numbers, pictures — whatever goes into Word will go into a table, too.

Creating a table

When you use the Insert Table button, you get a miniature grid. Using this grid, you tell Word how large you would like your table. In Figure C, a table that is three columns wide and two rows deep would be created. If you make a mistake with the number of rows and columns, don’t worry too much about it. You can always change it later.

In Figure D, notice that the dialog box tells you exactly how many rows and columns will be created for your new table — in this case, five columns and two rows. If you go this route, again, don’t worry if you make a mistake.

For example, rather than the usual row and column format, you could create a table that looks something like the one shown in Figure E.

Navigating your table Adding and deleting rows and columns

It’s easy to add rows to the end of your table, but what if you need to sneak something in between two rows you already have, or you need to add a column? What about deleting a row or column? No problem.

Shortcuts for adding and deleting rows and columns Formatting your table

Just like everything else in Word, your table can be formatted with different fonts, colors, line styles, and more. And even after your table is initially created, you can add and remove borders to create a custom table like the one you saw in Figure E.

Changing the line weight, color, and style

Most tables have some kind of grid. But in Word, you can keep the table and remove the grid, change the grid line style to some other type, and change the color of the lines altogether.

On the toolbar ( Figure I), the four options to the right of the Eraser button handle the line styles in your table.

Figure K below shows you an example of what different borders might look like in your table.

Changing the alignment in each cell

You can also change the position of the text in each individual cell in your table. In some cells, you might want the text centered both horizontally and vertically, while in another cell, you might want the text aligned at the bottom-right corner. This is where the cell alignment options come in ( Figure L).

Using this drop-down list, you can quickly change the position of text in your table. Take a look at Figure M to see an example of what you can do. Figure M shows you all of the available alignment options.

Distribute rows and columns

Are you a neat freak? Or do you just want to make sure that your table looks professional? One way you can do that is to make sure your rows and columns are sized appropriately. For example, if you’re showing monthly budget information, your column widths for each month should look the same rather than being all different sizes. Take a look at Figure N to see what I mean.

It’s actually easy to make your table look neat: Use the Distribute Rows Evenly and Distribute Columns Evenly buttons on the toolbar ( Figure O).

You can also manually change the width of a column or the height of a row ( Figure P). When you’re in your table, take a look at both your horizontal and your vertical ruler bars. Each one is broken up with a control that just happens to be at the break point for each row and column.


From this window, you can peruse the multitude of styles provided by Word, make a modification to one of the templates, or even create your own style. The AutoFormat option allows you to specify which areas you will apply to your table. For example, if you don’t have a header row on your table, you might now want to have the special boldfaced heading text, so you can deselect the Heading Rows option. Figure R shows you the results of using AutoFormat on the mini-budget table. Note that every other line is shaded in this example. Doing that manually on a large table could take quite some time.

Formatting options

Creating, customizing, and formatting tables in Word is largely a function of the specialized Tables And Borders toolbar. With Word, you can create tables of practically any size and shape.

Các Cách Tạo Bảng Trong Word Với Insert/Table

Tạo bảng trong Word với insert/table Cách 1: Tạo bảng nhanh trong Word

+ Bước 1: Chọn Insert trên thanh menu

+ Bước 2: Chọn Table → Giữ chuột và di chuyển để lựa chọn số cột, số dòng của bảng

Đây là cách tạo bảng trong Word với insert/table đơn giản nhất cho các bạn đang tự học Word. Tuy nhiên, với cách này các bạn chỉ kẻ được bảng có một số cột nhất định, tối đa 10 cột, 8 hàng.

Cách 2: Tạo bảng với các tùy chọn

Đây là cách tạo bảng trong Word với insert/table có nhiều tùy chọn hơn, thích hợp trong trường hợp cần chèn bảng biểu nhiều hàng, nhiều cột.

+ Bước 1: Chọn Insert

+ Bước 2: Chọn Table → Insert Table

+ Bước 3: Nhập số cột của bảng trong phần Number of columns

+ Bước 4: Nhập số hàng của bảng trong phần Number of rows.

+ Bước 5: Nhấn OK để tạo bảng

Ở phần AutoFit behavior có một vài nội dung mà các bạn cần lưu ý:

– Fixed column width: Mục này để thay đổi, điều chỉnh độ rộng của cột trong bảng hiển thị. Bạn có thể chọn Auto hoặc nhập giá trị mong muốn vào ô trống.

– Autofit to content: MS Word tự động căn chỉnh phù hợp với nội dung

– Autofit to Window: MS Word tự động căn chỉnh để bảng chèn vào vừa với độ rộng của phần văn bản

– Remember dimensions for new tables: Ghi nhớ lại kích thước cho bảng mới

Cách 3: Kẻ bảng trong Word

Đây là cách tạo bảng trong word với insert/table linh hoạt nhất trong tất cả các cách trên. Thích hợp với những bảng phức tạp, có nhiều nhiều ô phải chia nhỏ, thường được sử dụng sau khi đã có bảng gốc.

+ Bước 1: Chọn Insert

+ Bước 2: Chọn Table → Draw Table → Kẻ bảng theo ý muốn

Chỉnh sửa bảng

Sau khi các bạn đã tạo bảng xong thì chỉnh sửa bảng sao cho phù hợp với nội dung cũng là một kỹ năng tin học văn phòng quan trọng để tạo nên bảng biểu như ý.

– Thay đổi kích thước bảng

Để thay đổi kích thước bảng các bạn đặt con trỏ chuột vào các góc của bảng, khi con trỏ chuột xuất hiện biểu tượng mũi tên hai chiều thì các bạn nhấn giữ và kéo rộng ra hoặc thu hẹp lại để thay đổi kích thước của bảng.

– Căn chỉnh vị trí text trong các ô của bảng

Khi chọn bảng thì trên thanh Ribbon xuất hiện hai thẻ là Design và Layout, các bạn có thể căn chỉnh vị trí text, xoay text trong phần Alignment của thẻ Layout.

– Thay đổi kiểu của bảng

Chọn bảng → thẻ Design → chọn kiểu bảng trong phần Table Styles. Các bạn có thể nhấn chọn biểu tượng mũi tên quay xuống (More) để lựa chọn nhiều kiểu bảng hơn.

Bôi đen các ô cần gộp lại, sau đó chọn Layout → Merge Cells (hoặc nhấn chuột phải chọn Merge Cells). Các ô bạn chọn sẽ được gộp thành một ô.

Đặt con trỏ chuột vào ô cần tách và chọn Layout → Split Cells (hoặc nhấn chuột phải chọn Split Cells).

Xuất hiện hộp thoại Split Cells, các bạn nhập số hàng cần tách trong Number of rows, số cột cần tách trong Number of columns và nhấn OK để tách ô.

+ Bước 1: Bôi đen dòng/cột cần thêm/bớt

Các bạn có thể tạo bảng trong Word với insert/table bằng nhiều cách khác nhau. Tùy vào từng trường hợp mà bạn có thể chọn các cách kẻ bảng khác nhau, phục vụ tốt nhất cho công việc và học tập của mình. Để nâng cao khả năng sử dụng Word các bạn hãy tham khảo các bài viết và khóa học của Kyna tại:

– Website: https://kyna.vn/

Formatting Documents In Word 2013

This chapter shows how to add the kinds of finishing touches to your document to change it from ordinary to eye-catching.

Read Word 2013 on Demand or more than 24,000 other books and videos on Safari Books Online. Start a free trial today.

This chapter is from the book

What You’ll Do

Format Text

Format Text for Emphasis

Select Text with Similar Formatting

Set Formatting Options

Find and Replace Formatting

Find and Replace Custom Formatting

Change Paragraph Alignment

Change Line Spacing

Change Character Spacing

Display Rulers

Set Paragraph Tabs

Set Paragraph Indents

Create Bulleted and Numbered Lists

Apply Borders and Shading

Hide Text


Once you type a document and get the content how you want it, the finishing touches can sometimes be the most important. An eye catching document will draw the reader in, while a boring font without a lot of extra details will draw the reader away from all your hard work. To create that interest, Microsoft Word can help you change your document for a fresh look. One of the first elements you can change is your font attributes. Applying bold, underline, or italics when appropriate, can emphasize text. You might find that having different font sizes in your document to denote various topics will also enhance your document.

You can change the kerning—the amount of space between each individual character, for a special effect on a title or other parts of text. You can also apply a dropped capital letter to introduce a body of text, add a shading or border onto your document.

Word has various tools to help you format your document. You can search and replace formatting effects, display rulers, change a paragraph alignment, set paragraph tabs and indents, and change your line spacing. There are times when typing a paragraph will not do your text justice. Creating a bulleted or numbered list might better show your information. To further enhance the appearance of the text in a paragraph, you can quickly add a border and shading to selected text. If you have confidential information in a document or text that you don’t want others to see, you can use a formatting option to hide the text.