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The magazine, which comes out nine times a year, contains about 30,000 words per issue, every one of which is written by Needham. At the New Statesman, a freelance writer usually gets a deadline of two weeks for a book review. Needham writes around 100 reviews for each issue, ranging between 150 words and 1,000. I went to his Camden flat to see what on earth was going on.
My father edited a magazine by himself from our house in Norfolk: Potato Review, the world’s leading kartofel journal. It contains, no, not potato recipes, as people stupidly ask, but articles on blight and other scientific subjects, for farmers and seed merchants. It is read as far as Peru and Japan. There is usually a photo of a potato harvester on the cover, taken by my father. It was once featured on Have I Got News For You. Yet even though it has nearly as many subscribers as the New Statesman, people always ask the same thing. “Does he make a living from that?” Rude! At least I always thought – until I found myself asking Ed Needham the same thing.
Needham has never done a job as time-consuming, but he’s had more stressful ones: he was brought in to redesign Rolling Stone in the early-2000s to compete with the fashionable men’s mags at a time when “FHM and Loaded looked like punk and made Rolling Stone look like Genesis”. Strong Words, by comparison, is “serene”. It is done with pleasure, he says, pouring a small espresso: “I don’t know how to do anything else.”
Potato Review worked for my dad: he’d do 18-hour days then give himself several weeks off to work on the garden. Needham still experiences life’s pleasures: he sees his girlfriend, drinks “as much as he wishes” and goes walking. At some point, he’ll have to take on some investment, or a partner, so he can have more than eight days off per year.
To subscribe to Strong Words, visit www.strong-words.co.uk
Strong Words takes an unpretentious look at books
Ed Needham loves books. And he also knows a thing or two about making magazines; he was the editor of FHM in its late 90s heyday, and he went on to edit FHM in the USA, then Rolling Stone and Maxim. But his latest editorial position is altogether more humble – Strong Words is a new magazine that takes a fresh and unpretentious look at books, and Ed is its editor, publisher, marketing manager and van driver.
He dropped into the Stack office to speak about his new publishing project, the ways in which it has changed since it started earlier this year, and how he plans to develop it over the coming months. As is often the case with independent publishers who find they have to do everything themselves, Ed is open about the things he finds most difficult, and excited by the opportunity to tweak all aspects of the magazine as he goes. There will be lots of magazine makers who feel very familiar with his struggles over marketing, distribution and production.
If you enjoy this one, check out our archive on Soundcloud or iTunes for lots more conversations with magazine makers. (If you’re particularly interested in the business side of publishing, you might want to jump straight to our recent episodes with Jeff Taylor from Courier magazine, or Conor Purcell from The Magazine Blueprint.) And remember to follow us wherever you get your podcasts, so we can drop our future episodes straight into your feed as soon as they’re ready.
What do great men like Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt all have in common?
They all were proficient in Latin.
From the Middle Ages until about the middle of the 20th century, Latin was a central part of a man’s schooling in the West. Along with logic and rhetoric, grammar (as Latin was then known) was included as part of the Trivium – the foundation of a medieval liberal arts education. From Latin, all scholarship flowed and it was truly the gateway to the life of the mind, as the bulk of scientific, religious, legal, and philosophical literature was written in the language until about the 16 th century. To immerse oneself in classical and humanistic studies, Latin was a must.
Grammar schools in Europe and especially England during this time were Latin schools, and the first secondary school established in America by the Puritans was a Latin school as well. But beginning in the 14 th century, writers started to use the vernacular in their works, which slowly chipped away at Latin’s central importance in education. This trend for English-language learning accelerated in the 19 th century; schools shifted from turning out future clergymen to graduating businessmen who would take their place in an industrializing economy. An emphasis on the liberal arts slowly gave way to what was considered a more practical education in reading, writing, and arithmetic.
While Latin had been dying a slow death for hundreds of years, it still had a strong presence in schools until the middle of the 20 th century. Beginning in the 1960s, college students demanded that the curriculum be more open, inclusive, and less Euro-centric. Among their suggested changes was eliminating Latin as a required course for all students. To quell student protests, universities began to slowly phase out the Latin requirement, and because colleges stopped requiring Latin, many high schools in America stopped offering Latin classes, too. Around the same time, the Catholic Church revised its liturgy and permitted priests to lead Mass in vernacular languages instead of Latin, thus eliminating one of the public’s last ties to the ancient language.
While it’s no longer a requirement for a man to know Latin to get ahead in life, it’s still a great subject to study. I had to take classes in Latin as part of my “Letters” major at the University of Oklahoma, and I really enjoyed it. Even if you’re well out of school yourself, there are a myriad of reasons why you should still consider obtaining at least a rudimentary knowledge of the language:
Knowing Latin can improve your English vocabulary. While English is a Germanic language, Latin has strongly influenced it. Most of our prefixes and some of the roots of common English words derive from Latin. By some estimates, 30% of English words derive from the ancient language. By knowing the meaning of these Latin words, if you chance to come across a word you’ve never seen before, you can make an educated guess at what it means. In fact, studies have found that high school students who studied Latin scored a mean of 647 on the SAT verbal exam, compared with the national average of 505.
Knowing Latin can improve your foreign language vocabulary. Much of the commonly spoken Romanic languages like Spanish, French, and Italian derived from Vulgar Latin. You’ll be surprised by the number of Romanic words that are pretty much the same as their Latin counterparts.
Many legal terms are in Latin. Nolo contendere. Mens rea. Caveat emptor. Do you know what those mean? They’re actually common legal terms. While strides have been made to translate legal writing into plain English, you’ll still see old Latin phrases thrown into legal contracts every now and then. To be an educated citizen and consumer, you need to know what these terms mean. If you plan on going to law school, I highly recommend boning up on Latin. You’ll run into it all the time, particularly when reading older case law.
Knowing Latin can give you more insight to history and literature.Latin was the lingua franca of the West for over a thousand years. Consequently, much of our history, science, and great literature was first recorded in Latin. Reading these classics in the original language can give you insights you otherwise may have missed by consuming it in English.
Below we’ve put together a list of Latin words and phrases to help pique your interest in learning this classical language. This list isn’t exhaustive by any stretch of the imagination. We’ve included some of the most common Latin words and phrases that you still see today, which are helpful to know in boosting your all-around cultural literacy. We’ve also included some particularly virile sayings, aphorisms, and mottos that can inspire greatness or remind us of important truths. Perhaps you’ll find a Latin phrase that you can adopt as your personal motto. Semper Virilis!
Latin Words and Phrases Every Man Should Know
a posteriori – from the latter; knowledge or justification is dependent on experience or empirical evidence
a priori – from what comes before; knowledge or justification is independent of experience
acta non verba – deeds, not words
ad hoc – to this – improvised or made up
ad hominem – to the man; below-the-belt personal attack rather than a reasoned argument
ad honorem – for honor
ad infinitum – to infinity
ad nauseam – used to describe an argument that has been taking place to the point of nausea
ad victoriam – to victory; more commonly translated into “for victory,” this was a battle cry of the Romans
alea iacta est – the die has been cast
alias – at another time; an assumed name or pseudonym
alibi – elsewhere
alma mater – nourishing mother; used to denote one’s college/university
amor patriae – love of one’s country
amor vincit omnia – love conquers all
annuit cœptis -He (God) nods at things being begun; or “he approves our undertakings,” motto on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States and on the back of the United States one-dollar bill
ante bellum – before the war; commonly used in the Southern United States as antebellum to refer to the period preceding the American Civil War
ante meridiem – before noon; A.M., used in timekeeping
aqua vitae – water of life; used to refer to various native distilled beverages, such as whisky (uisge beatha) in Scotland and Ireland, gin in Holland, and brandy (eau de vie) in France
arte et marte – by skill and valour
astra inclinant, sed non obligant – the stars incline us, they do not bind us; refers to the strength of free will over astrological determinism
audemus jura nostra defendere – we dare to defend our rights; state motto of Alabama
audere est facere – to dare is to do
audio – I hear
aurea mediocritas – golden mean; refers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two sinful extremes
auribus teneo lupum – I hold a wolf by the ears; a common ancient proverb; indicates that one is in a dangerous situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly; a modern version is, “to have a tiger by the tail”
aut cum scuto aut in scuto – either with shield or on shield; do or die, “no retreat”; said by Spartan mothers to their sons as they departed for battle
aut neca aut necare – either kill or be killed
aut viam inveniam aut faciam – I will either find a way or make one; said by Hannibal, the great ancient military commander
barba non facit philosophum – a beard doesn’t make one a philosopher
bellum omnium contra omnes – war of all against all
bis dat qui cito dat – he gives twice, who gives promptly; a gift given without hesitation is as good as two gifts
bona fide – good faith
bono malum superate – overcome evil with good
carpe diem – seize the day
caveat emptor – let the buyer beware; the purchaser is responsible for checking whether the goods suit his need
circa – around, or approximately
citius altius forties – faster, higher, stronger; modern Olympics motto
cogito ergo sum – “I think therefore I am”; famous quote by Rene Descartes
contemptus mundi/saeculi – scorn for the world/times; despising the secular world, the monk or philosopher’s rejection of a mundane life and worldly values
corpus christi – body of Christ
corruptissima re publica plurimae leges – when the republic is at its most corrupt the laws are most numerous; said by Tacitus
creatio ex nihilo – creation out of nothing; a concept about creation, often used in a theological or philosophical context
cura te ipsum – take care of your own self; an exhortation to physicians, or experts in general, to deal with their own problems before addressing those of others
curriculum vitae – the course of one’s life; in business, a lengthened resume
de facto – from the fact; distinguishing what’s supposed to be from what is reality
deo volente – God willing
deus ex machina – God out of a machine; a term meaning a conflict is resolved in improbable or implausible ways
dictum factum – what is said is done
disce quasi semper victurus vive quasi cras moriturus – learn as if you’re always going to live; live as if tomorrow you’re going to die
discendo discimus – while teaching we learn
docendo disco, scribendo cogito – I learn by teaching, think by writing
ductus exemplo – leadership by example
ducunt volentem fata, nolentem trahunt – the fates lead the willing and drag the unwilling; attributed to Lucius Annaeus Seneca
dulce bellum inexpertis – war is sweet to the inexperienced
dulce et decorum est pro patria mori – it is sweet and fitting to die for your country
dulcius ex asperis – sweeter after difficulties
e pluribus unum – out of many, one; on the U.S. seal, and was once the country’s de facto motto
emeritus – veteran; retired from office
ergo – therefore
et alii – and others; abbreviated et al.
et cetera – and the others
et tu, Brute? – last words of Caesar after being murdered by friend Brutus in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, used today to convey utter betrayal
ex animo – from the heart; thus, “sincerely”
ex libris – from the library of; to mark books from a library
ex nihilo – out of nothing
ex post facto – from a thing done afterward; said of a law with retroactive effect
faber est suae quisque fortunae – every man is the artisan of his own fortune; quote by Appius Claudius Caecus
fac fortia et patere – do brave deeds and endure
fac simile – make alike; origin of the word “fax”
flectere si nequeo superos, acheronta movebo – if I cannot move heaven I will raise hell; from Virgil’s Aeneid
fortes fortuna adiuvat – fortune favors the bold
fortis in arduis – strong in difficulties
gloria in excelsis Deo – glory to God in the highest
habeas corpus – you should have the body; a legal term from the 14th century or earlier; commonly used as the general term for a prisoner’s right to challenge the legality of their detention
habemus papam – we have a pope; used after a Catholic Church papal election to announce publicly a successful ballot to elect a new pope
historia vitae magistra – history, the teacher of life; from Cicero; also “history is the mistress of life”
hoc est bellum – this is war
homo unius libri (timeo) – (I fear) a man of one book; attributed to Thomas Aquinas
honor virtutis praemium – esteem is the reward of virtue
hostis humani generis – enemy of the human race; Cicero defined pirates in Roman law as being enemies of humanity in general
humilitas occidit superbiam – humility conquers pride
igne natura renovatur integra – through fire, nature is reborn whole
ignis aurum probat – fire tests gold; a phrase referring to the refining of character through difficult circumstances
in absentia – in the absence
in aqua sanitas – in water there is health
in flagrante delicto – in flaming crime; caught red-handed, or in the act
in memoriam – into the memory; more commonly “in memory of”
in omnia paratus – ready for anything
in situ – in position; something that exists in an original or natural state
in toto – in all or entirely
in umbra, igitur, pugnabimus – then we will fight in the shade; made famous by Spartans in the battle of Thermopylae and by the movie 300
in utero – in the womb
in vitro – in glass; biological process that occurs in the lab
incepto ne desistam – may I not shrink from my purpose
intelligenti pauca – few words suffice for he who understands
invicta – unconquered
invictus maneo – I remain unvanquished
ipso facto – by the fact itself; something is true by its very nature
labor omnia vincit – hard work conquers all
laborare pugnare parati sumus – to work, (or) to fight; we are ready
labore et honore – by labor and honor
leges sine moribus vanae – laws without morals [are] vain
lex parsimoniae – law of succinctness; also known as Occam’s Razor; the simplest explanation is usually the correct one
lex talionis – the law of retaliation
magna cum laude – with great praise
magna est vis consuetudinis – great is the power of habit
magnum opus – great work; said of someone’s masterpiece
mala fide – in bad faith; said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, or with intention to defraud or mislead someone; opposite of bona fide
malum in se – wrong in itself; a legal term meaning that something is inherently wrong
malum prohibitum – wrong due to being prohibited; a legal term meaning that something is only wrong because it is against the law
mea culpa – my fault
meliora – better things; carrying the connotation of “always better”
memento mori – remember that [you will] die; was whispered by a servant into the ear of a victorious Roman general to check his pride as he paraded through cheering crowds after a victory; a genre of art meant to remind the viewer of the reality of his death
memento vivere – remember to live
memores acti prudentes future – mindful of what has been done, aware of what will be
modus operandi – method of operating; abbreviated M.O.
montani semper liberi – mountaineers [are] always free; state motto of West Virginia
morior invictus – death before defeat
morituri te salutant – those who are about to die salute you; popularized as a standard salute from gladiators to the emperor, but only recorded once in Roman history
morte magis metuenda senectus – old age should rather be feared than death
mulgere hircum – to milk a male goat; to attempt the impossible
multa paucis – say much in few words
nanos gigantum humeris insidentes – dwarfs standing on the shoulders of giants; commonly known by the letters of Isaac Newton: “If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants”
nec aspera terrent – they don’t terrify the rough ones; frightened by no difficulties; less literally “difficulties be damned”
nec temere nec timide – neither reckless nor timid
nil volentibus arduum – nothing [is] arduous for the willing
nolo contendere – I do not wish to contend; that is, “no contest”; a plea that can be entered on behalf of a defendant in a court that states that the accused doesn’t admit guilt, but will accept punishment for a crime
non ducor, duco – I am not led; I lead
non loqui sed facere – not talk but action
non progredi est regredi – to not go forward is to go backward
non scholae, sed vitae discimus – we learn not for school, but for life; from Seneca
non sum qualis eram – I am not such as I was; or “I am not the kind of person I once was”
nosce te ipsum – know thyself; from Cicero
novus ordo seclorum – new order of the ages; from Virgil; motto on the Great Seal of the United States
nulla tenaci invia est via – for the tenacious, no road is impassable
obliti privatorum, publica curate – forget private affairs, take care of public ones; Roman political saying which reminds that common good should be given priority over private matters for any person having a responsibility in the State
panem et circenses – bread and circuses; originally described all that was needed for emperors to placate the Roman mob; today used to describe any entertainment used to distract public attention from more important matters
para bellum – prepare for war; if you want peace, prepare for war; if a country is ready for war, its enemies are less likely to attack
parvis imbutus tentabis grandia tutus – when you are steeped in little things, you shall safely attempt great things; sometimes translated as, “once you have accomplished small things, you may attempt great ones safely”
pater familias – father of the family; the eldest male in a family
pecunia, si uti scis, ancilla est; si nescis, domina – if you know how to use money, money is your slave; if you don’t, money is your master
per angusta ad augusta – through difficulties to greatness
per annum – by the year
per capita – by the person
per diem – by the day
per se – through itself
persona non grata – person not pleasing; an unwelcome, unwanted or undesirable person
pollice verso – with a turned thumb; used by Roman crowds to pass judgment on a defeated gladiator
post meridiem – after noon; P.M.; used in timekeeping
post mortem – after death
postscriptum – thing having been written afterward; in writing, abbreviated P.S.
praemonitus praemunitus – forewarned is forearmed
praesis ut prosis ne ut imperes – lead in order to serve, not in order to rule
primus inter pares – first among equals; a title of the Roman Emperors
pro bono – for the good; in business, refers to services rendered at no charge
pro rata – for the rate
quam bene vivas referre (or refert), non quam diu – it is how well you live that matters, not how long; from Seneca
quasi – as if; as though
qui totum vult totum perdit – he who wants everything loses everything; attributed to Seneca
quid agis – what’s going on; what’s up, what’s happening, etc.
quid pro quo – this for that; an exchange of value
quidquid Latine dictum sit altum videtur – whatever has been said in Latin seems deep; or “anything said in Latin sounds profound”; a recent ironic Latin phrase to poke fun at people who seem to use Latin phrases and quotations only to make themselves sound more important or “educated”
quis custodiet ipsos custodes? – who will guard the guards themselves?; commonly associated with Plato
quorum – of whom; the number of members whose presence is required under the rules to make any given meeting constitutional
requiescat in pace – let him rest in peace; abbreviated R.I.P.
rigor mortis – stiffness of death
scientia ac labore – knowledge through hard work
scientia ipsa potentia est – knowledge itself is power
semper anticus – always forward
semper fidelis – always faithful; U.S. Marines motto
semper fortis – always brave
semper paratus – always prepared
semper virilis – always virile
si vales, valeo – when you are strong, I am strong
si vis pacem, para bellum – if you want peace, prepare for war
sic parvis magna – greatness from small beginnings – motto of Sir Frances Drake
sic semper tyrannis – thus always to tyrants; attributed to Brutus at the time of Julius Caesar’s assassination, and to John Wilkes Booth at the time of Abraham Lincoln’s assassination; whether it was actually said at either of these events is disputed
sic vita est – thus is life; the ancient version of “it is what it is”
sola fide – by faith alone
sola nobilitat virtus – virtue alone ennobles
solvitur ambulando – it is solved by walking
spes bona – good hope
statim (stat) – immediately; medical shorthand
status quo – the situation in which; current condition
subpoena – under penalty
sum quod eris – I am what you will be; a gravestone inscription to remind the reader of the inevitability of death
summa cum laude – with highest praise
summum bonum – the supreme good
suum cuique – to each his own
tabula rasa – scraped tablet; “blank slate”; John Locke used the term to describe the human mind at birth, before it had acquired any knowledge
tempora heroic – Heroic Age
tempus edax rerum – time, devourer of all things
tempus fugit – time flees; commonly mistranslated “time flies”
terra firma – firm ground
terra incognita – unknown land; used on old maps to show unexplored areas
vae victis – woe to the conquered
vanitas vanitatum omnia vanitas – vanity of vanities; everything [is] vanity; from the Bible (Ecclesiastes 1)
veni vidi vici – I came, I saw, I conquered; famously said by Julius Caesar
verbatim – repeat exactly
veritas et aequitas – truth and equity
versus – against
veto – I forbid
vice versa – to change or turn around
vincit qui patitur – he conquers who endures
vincit qui se vincit – he conquers who conquers himself
vir prudens non contra ventum mingit – [a] wise man does not urinate [up] against the wind
virile agitur – the manly thing is being done
viriliter agite – act in a manly way
viriliter agite estote fortes – quit ye like men, be strong
virtus tentamine gaudet – strength rejoices in the challenge
virtute et armis – by virtue and arms; or “by manhood and weapons”; state motto of Mississippi
vive memor leti – live remembering death
vivere est vincere – to live is to conquer; Captain John Smith’s personal motto
vivere militare est – to live is to fight
vox populi – voice of the people
How to change orientation of one page in word?
Within some particular word documents, you have to apply different page orientation to one page only. This article will show you the following tricky ways for changing orientation of one page in word.
Change orientation of one page with section breaks
Change orientation of one page in Margins
Change orientation of one page with section breaks
For understanding this tricky way better, I will take the following documents as an example to show you how I can change the orientation in page 2.
Now the page 2 has been changed to orientation landscape. See screenshot:
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Change orientation of one page in Margins
2. If the paragraphs in the page which you select to change the orientation are too many to be in a page after change, the remaining paragraphs will in the new page which is the same orientation with the selected page.
3. If you do not select any page, you can change orientation of the whole document or the pages behind the page where the cursor on when you apply this function.
4. It just change the orientation for only the sections that you have selected.
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