Xu Hướng 4/2023 # How To Use The Excel Timevalue Function # Top 13 View | Hoisinhvienqnam.edu.vn

# Xu Hướng 4/2023 # How To Use The Excel Timevalue Function # Top 13 View

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Sometimes, times in Excel appear as text values that are not recognized properly as time. The TIMEVALUE function is meant to parse a time that appears as a text value into a valid Excel time. A native Excel time is more useful than text because it is a numeric value that can be formatted as time and directly manipulated in a formula.

The TIMEVALUE function takes just one argument, called time_text. If time_text is a cell address, the value in the cell must be text. If time_text is entered directly into the formula it must be enclosed in double quotes (“”). Time_text should be supplied in a text format that Excel can recognize, for example, “6:45 PM” or “18:45”. TIMEVALUE ignores dates if present in a text string.

The TIMEVALUE function creates a time in serial number format from a date and/or time in an Excel text format. TIMEVALUE will return a decimal number between 0 and 0.99988426, representing 12:00:00 AM to 11:59:59 PM. Because the maximum value returned by TIMEVALUE is less than 1, hours will reset every 24 hours (like a clock).

Examples

The formulas below show the output from TIMEVALUE:

=

TIMEVALUE

(

"12:00"

)

// returns 0.5

=

TIMEVALUE

(

"12:00 PM"

)

// returns 0.5

=

TIMEVALUE

(

"18:00"

)

// returns 0.75

To display the output from TIMEVALUE as a formatted time, apply a time number format.

Alternative formula

Notice that the TIMEVALUE formula in C15 fails with a #VALUE! error, because cell B15 already contains a valid time. This is a limitation of the TIMEVALUE function. If you have a mix of valid and invalid dates, you can use the simple formula below as an alternative:

=

A1

+

0

The math operation of adding zero will cause Excel will try to coerce the value in A1 to a number. If Excel is able parse the text into a proper time it will return a valid time as a decimal number. If the time is already a valid Excel time, adding zero will have no effect, and generate no error.

Notes

TIMEVALUE will return a #VALUE error if time_text does not contain time formatted as text.

## How To Use The Excel Roundup Function

The ROUNDUP function works like the ROUND function, except the ROUNDUP function will always round numbers up. The number of places to round to is controlled by the num_digits argument. Positive numbers round to the right of the decimal point, negative numbers round to the left, and zero rounds to the nearest 1. The table below summarizes this behavior:

Digits Behavior

Round up to nearest .1, .01, .001, etc.

Round up to nearest 10, 100, 1000, etc.

=0 Round up to nearest 1

Example #1 – round to right

To round up values to the right of the decimal point, use a positive number for digits:

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

1

)

// Round up to 1 decimal place

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

2

)

// Round up to 2 decimal places

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

3

)

// Round up to 3 decimal places

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

4

)

// Round up to 4 decimal places

Example #2 – round to left

To round up values to the left of the decimal point, use zero or a negative number for digits:

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

0

)

// Round up to nearest whole number

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

-

1

)

// Round up to nearest 10

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

-

2

)

// Round up to nearest 100

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

-

3

)

// Round up to nearest 1000

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

,

-

4

)

// Round up to nearest 10000

Example #3 – nesting

Other operations and functions can be nested inside the ROUNDUP function. For example, to round the result of A1 divided by B1, you can use a formula like this:

=

ROUNDUP

(

A1

/

B1

,

0

)

// round up result to nearest whole number

Rounding functions in Excel

To round normally, use the ROUND function.

To round to the nearest multiple, use the MROUND function.

To round down to the nearest specified place, use the ROUNDDOWN function.

To round down to the nearest specified multiple, use the FLOOR function.

To round up to the nearest specified place, use the ROUNDUP function.

To round up to the nearest specified multiple, use the CEILING function.

To round down and return an integer only, use the INT function.

To truncate decimal places, use the TRUNC function.

## How To Use The Excel Sumif Function

SUMIF is in a group of eight functions in Excel that split logical criteria into two parts (range + criteria). As a result, the syntax used to construct criteria is different, and SUMIF requires a cell range for the range argument, you can’t use an array.

SUMIF only supports a single condition. If you need to apply multiple criteria, use the SUMIFS function. If you need to manipulate values that appear in the range argument (i.e. extract the year from dates to use in criteria) see the SUMPRODUCT and/or FILTER functions.

Videos

Basic usage

In the worksheet shown, there are three SUMIF examples. In the first example (G6), SUMIF is configured to sum values greater than 100. In the second example (G7), SUMIF returns the sum of values where the color is “red”. In the last example (G8), SUMIF is configured to sum values where the state is “CA” (California).

=

SUMIF

(

B6:B10

,

"Jim"

,

D6:D10

)

// Rep = Jim

=

SUMIF

(

C6:C10

,

"ca"

,

D6:D10

)

// State = CA

Notice the equals sign (=) is not required when constructing “is equal to” criteria. Also notice SUMIF is not case-sensitive.  You can sum values where the Rep is Jim using “jim” or “Jim”.

Criteria in another cell

Not equal to

To express "not equal to" criteria, use the "" operator surrounded by double quotes (""):

Again notice SUMIF is not case-sensitive.

Blank cells

SUMIF can calculate sums based on cells that are blank or not blank. In the example below,  SUMIF is used to sum the amounts in column C depending on whether column D contains "x" or is empty:

=

SUMIF

(

D5:D9

,

""

,

C5:C9

)

// blank

The best way to use SUMIF with dates is to refer to a valid date in another cell, or use the DATE function. The example below shows both methods:

=

SUMIF

(

B5:B9

,

"<"

&

DATE

(

2019

,

3

,

1

),

C5:C9

)

Wildcards

The SUMIF function supports wildcards, as seen in the example below:

=

SUMIF

(

B5:B9

,

"mi*"

,

C5:C9

)

// begins with "mi"

=

SUMIF

(

B5:B9

,

"*ota"

,

C5:C9

)

// ends with "ota"

=

SUMIF

(

B5:B9

,

"????"

,

C5:C9

)

// contains 4 characters

See below for more SUMIF formula examples.

Notes

SUMIF only supports one condition. Use the SUMIFS function for multiple criteria.

When sum_range is omitted, the cells in range will be summed.

Cell references in criteria are not enclosed in quotes, i.e. "

The wildcard characters ? and * can be used in criteria. A question mark matches any one character and an asterisk matches any sequence of characters (zero or more).

To find a literal question mark or asterisk, use a tilde (~) in front question mark or asterisk (i.e. ~?, ~*).

SUMIFS requires a range, you can't substitute an array.

## Ms Excel: How To Use The If

This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement (in VBA) with syntax and examples.

Description

The Microsoft Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code. It executes one set of code if a specified condition evaluates to TRUE, or another set of code if it evaluates to FALSE.

The IF-THEN-ELSE statement is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Logical Function. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. As a VBA function, you can use this function in macro code that is entered through the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor.

Please read our IF function (WS) page if you are looking for the worksheet version of the IF statement as it has a very different syntax.

Syntax

The syntax for the IF-THEN-ELSE statement in Microsoft Excel is:

If condition_1 Then result_1 ElseIf condition_2 Then result_2 ... ElseIf condition_n Then result_n Else result_else End If

Parameters or Arguments

condition_1, condition_2, … condition_n The conditions that are to be evaluated in the order listed. Once a condition is found to be true, the corresponding code will be executed. No further conditions will be evaluated. result_1, result_2, … result_n The code that is executed once a condition is found to be true. result_else The code that is executed when all previous conditions (condition1, condition2, … condition_n) are false.

Returns

The IF-THEN-ELSE statement evaluates the conditions in the order listed. It will execute the corresponding code when a condition is found to be true. If no condition is met, then the Else portion of the IF-THEN-ELSE statement will be executed.

Note

Applies To

Excel for Office 365, Excel 2019, Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Example (as VBA Function)

The IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code in Microsoft Excel.

Let’s look at some Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement function examples and explore how to use the IF-THEN-ELSE statement in Excel VBA code:

First, let’s look at a simple example.

If LRegion ="N" Then LRegionName = "North" End If

Next, let’s look at an example that uses ElseIf.

If LRegion ="N" Then LRegionName = "North" ElseIf LRegion = "S" Then LRegionName = "South" ElseIf LRegion = "E" Then LRegionName = "East" ElseIf LRegion = "W" Then LRegionName = "West" End If

Finally, let’s look at an example that uses Else.

If LRegion ="N" Then LRegionName = "North" ElseIf LRegion = "S" Then LRegionName = "South" ElseIf LRegion = "E" Then LRegionName = "East" Else LRegionName = "West" End If

Example#1 from Video

In the first video example, we are going to use the IF-THEN-ELSE statement to update cell C2 with “North”, “South”, “East” or “West” depending on the region code entered in cell A2.

So if we entered “N” in cell A2, we want “North” to appear in cell C2. If we entered “S” in cell A2, we want “South” to appear in cell C2, and so on.

Sub totn_if_example1() Dim LRegion As String Dim LRegionName As String LRegion = Range("A2").Value If LRegion = "N" Then LRegionName = "North" ElseIf LRegion = "S" Then LRegionName = "South" ElseIf LRegion = "E" Then LRegionName = "East" Else LRegionName = "West" End If Range("C2").Value = LRegionName End Sub

Example#2 from Video

Sub totn_if_example2() For Each grade In Range("B2:B8") If grade = "A" Or grade = "B" Then grade.Offset(0, 1).Value = "Great work" ElseIf grade = "C" Then grade.Offset(0, 1).Value = "Needs Improvement" Else grade.Offset(0, 1).Value = "Time for a Tutor" End If Next grade End Sub

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