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an athlete with strong muscles
He’s as strong as an ox.
The table should be strong enough to survive the trip.
The builder added supports to make the walls stronger.
He’ll return to work when he’s feeling a little stronger.
Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective
The study found that being fully vaccinated with one of the mRNA vaccines provides people with a strong and broad response.
Sarah Braner And Lauren Mascarenhas, CNN, 4 Aug. 2021
SpaceShipTwo needed to be supple enough to break the sound barrier, light enough to reach space, strong enough to avoid breaking up on reëntry, and tough enough to make the journey once a week for years.
Anna Russel, The New Yorker, 3 Aug. 2021
But in this scenario, being strong and wrong comes with swift and serious consequences, which means more financial opportunities being snatched away at will.
Ineye Komonibo, chúng tôi 3 Aug. 2021
This is a country where mental health problems are stigmatized, where athletes are supposed to be strong and stoical, and where support and counseling is often unavailable, experts say.
Washington Post, 31 July 2021
Remember, even though there is no threat of a tsunami affecting California, there will be strong and unusual currents today, especially in local harbors.
Los Angeles Times, 29 July 2021
While some studies have concluded that the Johnson & Johnson vaccine stimulates strong and persistent antibodies against delta, a new report found that antibodies elicited by one shot may not be enough to neutralize delta.
Liz Szabo, Quartz, 29 July 2021
All of these events are touched by jet streams, strong and narrow bands of westerly winds blowing above the Earth’s surface.
Paul Douglas, Star Tribune, 28 July 2021
At the Olympics, the world’s biggest stage, Simone Biles was strong enough, brave enough and feminist enough to say, no more.
NBC News, 28 July 2021
Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb
Hollywood’s current reigning red carpet PDA-forward couple is going strong more than one year later.
Bryan Alexander, USA TODAY, 22 July 2021
That the experienced trio of Jan Vertonghen, Thomas Vermaelen and Toby Alderweireld will make up a strong-looking central defense.
Tim Bielik, cleveland, 21 June 2021
After picking up a pair of victories and one no-decision in three career starts, Poteet ended up taking his first loss despite starting strong on Friday.
Doug Alden, chúng tôi 29 May 2021
These days Ultraman is in the midst of a revival, headlining the #1 anime series on Netflix NFLX , a strong-selling comic from Marvel, dozens of licensed products, and a slew of new media on the way.
Rob Salkowitz, Forbes, 27 May 2021
Ground-dwelling birds, for instance, often have shorter life spans than strong-winged, tree-nesting species, which are less susceptible to predators.
New York Times, 28 Apr. 2021
Brandon Woodruff, Corbin Burnes and Peralta have strong-armed the Brewers to a seven-game lead in the NL Central.
Gabe Lacques, USA TODAY, 5 July 2021
So far, investors seem pleased: Share prices of many oil companies are going strong compared to the beginning of the year, and the energy sector is by far the best-performing slice of the S&P 500, jumping 44% in the last six months.
Tim Mcdonnell, Quartz, 2 July 2021
The strong-browed, masculine design embodies McQueen’s quietly commanding attitude.
Kareem Rashed, Robb Report, 12 Apr. 2021
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘strong.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Learning root words can be helpful in improving your vocabulary. When you know root words, you can recognize the basis of any word and use that knowledge to help you define a word you may not otherwise know. Keep reading to learn more about root words and to see a list of over 100 root word definitions.
100+ Root Word Definitions and Meanings
Root Word Basics
So, what is a root word? A root word is the most basic part of a word, known as a morpheme. Root words that can stand alone as words (such as hero or ego) are known as free morphemes. If a root word must use a prefix and/or suffix to be an English word, it’s known as a bound morpheme.
For example, take the word biology:
The root bio is Greek for “life.”
The suffix -logy is Greek for “the study of.”
Therefore, biology means “the study of life.” If you add yet another suffix, -ist, the word becomes biologist – a person who studies life. As you make your way through this list of root words, you might consider creating your own flashcard set to memorize root word definitions. Just use this editable blank flashcard template.
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It’s important to know basic root word meanings. Understanding these definitions is the first step in building a stronger and more expansive vocabulary. Here is a sampling of root words divided by Greek and Latin origins.
Many words in English are derived from Greek roots, like “bibliography,” “chronological” and “orthodontist.” Take a look at this list of Greek roots and try to think of English words based on each of them.
Amphi (from amphí): Both sides, all around
Anthrop (from ánthrōpos): Human or man
Aqua or Aque (from aqua): Water or having to do with water
Arch (from arkhḗ): Ruler, chief, or leader
Arthro (from árthron): Joint
Bio (from biōtós): Life
Biblio (from bíblos): Book
Byss (from bussós): Bottom
Chrom (from khrôma): Color
Chron (from khrónos): Time
Cord or Chord (from khordḗ): Cord
Cosm (from kósmos): Universe
Crac or Crat (from krátos): Ruler or rule
Crypt (from krúptein): Hidden
Cylind (from kulíndein): Roll
Dyna (from dúnasthai): Power
Dem (from dêmos): People
Derm (from dérma): Skin
Dox (from dóxa): Opinion or belief
Eur (from eurús): Wide
Exo (from éxō): Outside
Gam (from gámos): Marriage
Geo (from gaîa): Earth
Glyph (from glúphein): Carve
Gno (from gnōtós): Know
Gram (from grámmatos): Letter
Graph (from gráphein): Printing or writing
Gym (from gumnós): Naked
Gyn (from gunḗ): Woman
Hemi (from hḗmisus): partial
Hemo, Hem, or Hema (from haîma): Blood
Hero (from hḗrōs): Hero
Hol (from hólos): Entire or whole
Hydr or Hydro (from húdōr): Water
Iso (from ísos): Identical, same or equal
Klept (from kléptein): Steal
Log (from lógos): Word or reason
Man or Mant (from manía): Crazy
Melan (from mélanos): Black
Mere (from meíresthai): A segment or part
Meta or Met (from metá): Above or beyond
Meter or Metri (from métron): Measure
Morph (from morphḗ): Structure or form
Narc (from narkân): Numb
Neur (from neûron): Nerve
Od (from hodós): Path
Odonto (from odóntos): Tooth
Onym or Nym (from ónuma): Name or word
Ortho (from orthós): To correct or straighten
Path (from páthos): Feeling
Phono or Phon (from phōnḗ): Voice or sound
Pne (from pneûma): Lung or breathe
Psych (from psukhḗ): Mind, soul or spirit
Pod or Ped (from podós): Foot
Rhe (from rheîn): Flow
Schid or Schiz (from skhízein): Split or division
Siphon (from síphōn): Tube
Soph (from sophós): Knowledge or wisdom
Strat (from stratós): Army
The or Theo (from theós): Deity or god
Therm (from thermós): Heat
Troph (from trophós): Feed or grow
Ur (from oureîn): Urine
Zo (from zôion): Animal
Just as many English words are derived from Greek, many other words are based on Latin roots, like “ambidextrous,” “carnivore” and “lecture.” What English words can you think of that are based on each of these Latin root words?
Alter (from alius): Other
Ami or amic (from amicus): Love
Ambi (from ambi): Both sides
Ann or Enni (from annus): Year
Aud (from audire): Sound
Bell (from bellum): War
Brev (from brevis): short
Cap (from capere): To take or seize control of
Carn (from caro): Meat
Ced (from cedere): Yield or go
Corp (from corpus): Body
Cred (from credere): Believe
Cruc (from crux): Cross
Culp (from culpa): Guilt
Dent (from dentis): Tooth
Dic (from dīcere): To speak or say
Doc (from docere) Teach
Du (from duo): Two
Duc or Duct (from ducere): To lead
Ego (from egṓ): Self
Equ (from aequus): Equal or equivalent
Fac (from facere): To make or do
Fil (from fīlum): Thread
Frater (from frāter): Brother
Grad or Gress (from gradi): Step
Ject (from jacio ): To throw
Jud or Judic (from iudex): To judge
Jus or Jur (from ius): Law and justice
Lect or Leg (from legere): Say or read
Liter (from littera): Letter
Loc (from locus): Place
Luc (from lūx): Light
Magn (from magnus): Big or Large
Man or Manu (from manus): Hand
Mar (from mare): Sea
Mater (from mater): Mother
Min (from minor): Smaller
Miss or Mit (from mittere): Send
Mon (from mónos): Warn
Mov, Mot, or Mob (from movere): Move
Mort or Mor (from mors): Death
Mut (from movere): Change
Nomin or Nomen (from nomen): Name
Nov (from novus): New
Pac (from pax): Peace
Pater (from patḗr): Father
Pel or Puls (from pēlós): Drive or push
Pend or Pens (from pensare): Weigh or hang
Plan (from plānus): Flat
Port (from portare): Carry
Pot (from potere): Power
Pug or Pugn (from pugnare): Fight
Quer or Quis (from quaerere): To ask or seek
Scand or Scend (from scandere): To climb
Sci (from scire): Know
Scind or sciss (from scindere): Cut
Script or Scrib (from scribere): Write
Sect or Sec (from secare): Cut
Sess or Sed (from sedere): Sit
Sent or Sens (from sentire): To be aware of, to feel
Sequ or Secut (from sequere): To follow
Serv (from servare): To save or serve
Simil or Simul (from simulare): The same or similar
Sol (from solis): The sun
Son (from sonus): Sound
Spic or Spec (from specere): To see or look
Spir (from spirare): Coil or to breathe
Spond (from spondere): Pledge or promise
Stat (from statuere): Stand
Tact or Tang (from tangere): Touch
Tempor (from temporis): Time
Tent or Ten (from tenere): Hold
Terr (from terra): Earth
Vac (from vacare): Empty
Vent or Ven (from venire): To come
Ver (from verus): Truth
Vert (from versus): To turn
Vit (from vita): Life
Voc (from vocare): To call
More Resources on Root Words
The root study doesn’t have to stop here. If you’d like to see these words in action, check out an article that lists examples of root words. There, you’ll learn about root stems and how words can be formed by adding prefixes, suffixes or both to roots.
When people did this during a high-intensity cycling class, they were able to push harder for longer (up to 18 percent more), according to a study from Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. “Motivational self-talk, opposed to any kind of self-talk, works well for endurance performance because it reduces perception of effort, most likely through an increase in self-efficacy,” says Samuele Marcora, Ph.D., lead study author and professor of sport and exercise sciences at the University of Kent, Medway, in the United Kingdom. He adds that the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) in study subjects was reduced by 12 percent, enough to significantly increase performance.
Push Yourself Higher
Yet don’t think motivational self-talk is for endurance workouts alone. It also can be used to increase workload during high-intensity interval training.
It can even benefit you during competition, says Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences at the University of Thessaly in Greece. For instance, his research has revealed that an eight-week self-talk training program and the use of self-talk in competition improved swimming times in young swimmers.
Want to reap the rewards of motivational self-talk? Follow these steps:
1) Identify your goals. This may seem obvious, but motivational self-talk won’t work unless you know what you want to achieve, Hatzigeorgiadis says.
2) Personalize your phrases. With your goal in hand, create a list of phrases that are meaningful and appealing to you. Keep them short, positive and motivational in nature, Marcora says. For instance, “drive forward” and “you’re doing well” worked well for participants in his study. Other research, by the way, has found that addressing yourself as “you” versus “I” is more effective.
3) Say it or think it. Whether you say these phrases out loud or think them isn’t important. The one caveat, though? “If you’re doing intense exercise, saying them out loud might be difficult and disturb your breathing,” Marcora says.
4) Time your talk right. It’s not just about what you say but when you say these phrases that matters. In Marcora’s study, participants used phrases that gave them confidence they could keep going longer during the middle part of the test effort. Phrases like “hang in there” and “feeling good” worked well. Yet as they approached the end when they were pushing at maximal effort, they used statements like “keep pushing” to help mobilize their effort.
5) Practice it. If you want motivational self-talk to help you during an actual competition, it has to be part of your training regimen. So sprinkle phrases that work well for you into your training sessions and use them consistently, Hatzigeorgiadis says.
As Christians, we are called to a life of serving God and others.
Most people are more than willing to let others do dirty, uncomfortable, and difficult tasks. Those without Christ may at times manipulate circumstances and hurt other people to get the positions they desire and avoid having to serve anyone.
But as followers of Jesus, we are called to be different from the world. Our Lord said, “Whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve” (Matt. 20:27-28). These were shocking words to people oppressed by Rome, and they are no less surprising today. Human nature wants to be first, not last. We enjoy being in control.
Consider the powerful example our Lord set for us while He walked this earth. At the Last Supper, He willingly washed the disciples’ feet-something usually done by the lowest servant in the household-to demonstrate how they should treat each other. Even more significantly, He laid down His life in the ultimate act of service so that you and I can have fellowship with the Father (Matt. 20:28).
Following Jesus’ example, Paul, Timothy, James, and Peter-leaders of the early church-referred to themselves as bondservants or slaves of Christ. In their letters to the churches, they chose not to emphasize their leadership positions, but focused instead on humility and service to the Lord.
Jesus, who lives within us, wants to empower us to serve God.
Have you ever felt too weak to serve God? Maybe you feel needy or inadequate, and wonder how you could possibly be a blessing to someone else. It might surprise you to learn that you don’t have to feel strong to be a good servant of the Lord. No one is strong enough to serve God in his own ability.
The Holy Spirit wants to equip you to be an excellent servant of God. Whatever the Lord calls you to do, He will enable you to do it. He will provide for you, energize you, strengthen you, direct you, and give you wisdom and guidance. In the following verses, notice the emphasis on God working through us: “It is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure” (Phil. 2:13) and “Faithful is He who calls chúng tôi also will bring it to pass” (1Thess. 5:24).
Another way to say this is Jesus wants to live His life through you. In His power, you and I are strong enough to serve the Lord. When He tells you to do something difficult, ask Him to enable you to make the right decision and to strengthen you as you follow His instructions. Christ will be faithful to provide all that you need to be obedient.
Our real master (or boss) is God, no matter whom we are serving humanly speaking.
Paul encouraged us, “Do your work heartily, as for the Lord rather than for men, knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance. It is the Lord Christ whom you serve” (Col. 3:23-24). When you trust God to reward you for your service to an earthly boss, your perspective on work will be transformed.
Knowing you are working for the Lord should affect…
Your attitude toward authority. Regardless of how your supervisors treat you, you should respect them, obey them, and act righteously. (Of course, if they ask you to do something unethical, illegal, or immoral, you must instead follow what God teaches in His Word.)
The quality of your service. If you knew Jesus was going to be at your office tomorrow morning, you would probably not show up late, groan about your assignments, or put off your workload. Instead of complaining, you would tackle your tasks energetically and with excellence. As servants of the living God, we need to strive to do our best on every assignment.
Your motivation. We should never take a job without first confirming it is God’s perfect will for us at that time. When you are sure the Lord has called you to do a certain job, you will have an easier time doing it with all your heart. Think of your work as an opportunity to show your love for God. This will motivate you to do your best out of love for Him, rather than duty or the desire to get ahead.
As believers, we are called to serve the Most High God. So try to find opportunities in your everyday life to serve Him. You can serve Him as a mother or grandmother, raising children to love the Lord. You can serve as a sanitation worker or a restaurant employee. You can serve him as a CEO or president of a company. When we stand before Jesus one day, it will not matter if we impressed other people. What will matter is whether we did our tasks as unto the Lord. So, whatever He asks you to do, be obedient, serving Him in the power of the Holy Spirit.
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