Xu Hướng 12/2022 # 34 Unique And Untranslatable Spanish Words You’ve Gotta Know / 2023 # Top 14 View | Hoisinhvienqnam.edu.vn

Xu Hướng 12/2022 # 34 Unique And Untranslatable Spanish Words You’ve Gotta Know / 2023 # Top 14 View

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It’s right there—right on the tip of your tongue.

What the heck was that silly word you were thinking of?

Have you ever tried to describe something and been unable to find the right words for it?

Of course you have—that’s a natural part of learning any language.

Sometimes you even end up using a horribly wrong word or two.

It happens in your native language too, though, doesn’t it? Sometimes your language isn’t capable of describing a specific situation or item without using ten million extra words.

One of the great things about learning Spanish is that, the more you learn, the more you expand your mind.

For instance, there are numerous words that exist in Spanish that don’t have a direct English translation. That means that if you type them into Google for an English equivalent, chances are you’ll come up with a smattering of different words or sentences strung together to get the idea across.

That’s the point. For some, there’s simply not an easy translation. For others, the words may mean something direct in English (literally) but they mean something completely different when spoken in Spanish (context). All in all, you’ll be giving your brain tons of new ways to express ideas.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere.

34 Unique and Untranslatable Spanish Words You’ve Gotta Know

So, now it’s time to expand your vocabulary and expand your mind. Here are some wonderfully unique Spanish words that’ll introduce you to a world of new ideas and expressions.

Just a quick note: Remember not to simply learn words in isolation! Put these words into sentences, use them in everyday conversations and watch authentic videos to remember them.

One great way to hear authentic Spanish speech is with FluentU. 

Pardo

Some of the first things we teach our children are their colors right? Red, purple, black and so forth.

Have you ever seen a car that isn’t quite gray but it isn’t quite brown either? I have one, actually, and whenever English-speaking people ask me what color my car is I just shrug. When Spanish-speaking people ask me, I’ve got an answer.

Pardo — the color between gray and brown.

Lampiño

I have a friend who looks like he’s twelve even though he’s in his thirties. He doesn’t really have substantial facial hair, can’t grow a beard and has evidently found the fountain of youth.

I think we can all agree that we know someone or have seen someone like this. Maybe you can envision a boy in your middle school who was so proud of that one little whisker on his chin.

Lampiño — Hairless, but more specifically a man who cannot grow facial hair or has very thin facial hair.

Manco

It’s interesting that we don’t have this word in the English vocabulary. We have words that come close, but most of them are derogatory.

Manco — A one-armed man.

Tuerto

Apparently the Spanish-speakers of the world are much better at describing people’s physical features. I feel like having a word like this in English would make it much easier to describe pirates.

Tuerto — A one-eyed man.

Vergüenza Ajena

Have you ever heard of the website People Of Walmart?

If not, you should hop on over there once you’re done reading this post. It’s full of pictures of people who decided to go to Walmart with no shame. Some of them are in pajamas. Most are wearing clothes that are too tight, inappropriate or downright scary.

Or, if that’s not ringing a bell, have you seen the TV show “What Not To Wear?” All episodes feature hidden camera footage of someone walking down the street clearly unaware of how ridiculous or frumpy they look. Of course, you can’t say anything if you see something like this in real life. Instead, you just shake your head.

Vergüenza Ajena — To feel embarrassed for someone even if they don’t feel embarrassed themselves. This is sometimes referred to as “secondhand embarrassment.”

Morbo

Do you love Tim Burton? Or the sight of blood? Maybe you enjoyed reading “The Tell-Tale Heart” by Edgar Allen Poe. You have a love for something dark and you aren’t sure why because, let’s be honest, it’s a little creepy or gross.

Morbo — A morbid fascination.

Empalagar

This one doesn’t happen to me very often because my sweet tooth is out of control. On a rare occasion, I’ll take a bite of dark chocolate cake with decadent chocolate frosting and think to myself, “Wow! That’s sweet!” Then a minute or two later I’ll regret that chocolate cake because my head is pulsing from sweetness overload.

Have you ever felt a little nauseated after seeing a couple being overly affectionate with each other, perhaps smothering each other in kisses on the street corner? This verb works for that, too.

Empalagar — When something’s sickening or nauseating because it’s too sweet.

Quincena

Everyone is waiting for the quincena! 

That’s the bi-monthly payment that many employees receive in the Spanish-speaking world: Once on the 15th of the month, and once at the end of the month. It’s almost like saying “a fortnight,” but they use 15 days as a marker instead of 14.

For people awaiting paychecks, that first payment of the month always falls on the 15th. Apparently 15 is more significant in Spanish than in English in general!

Quincena — A period of 15 days.

Duende

It’s sometimes argued that this is the most difficult Spanish word to translate into English. Why? In Spanish literature, especially poetry, this word is used very often to describe how a person feels about nature. However, especially in Spain, it can be used to describe an indescribable charm or magic that isn’t limited to nature. You might hear about the duende of flamenco singing, for example.

Duende — The feeling of awe and inspiration had, especially when standing in nature. The overwhelming sense of beauty and magic.

Aturdir

I have two daughters that are under the age of two. Naturally, my house is always a mess. I’m always a day behind and a dollar short.

This is a feeling I’m incredibly familiar with, but there’s no real way to describe it in English. Another time I often felt this way was when I was in college and I had two papers, an exam, a project and twenty pages of reading due the next day. Maybe I wouldn’t feel this so often if I were more organized…

We can also use this verb when we hear a piece of news that dumbfounds us or stuns us, leaving us speechless and/or bothered.

Aturdir — When something overwhelms, bewilders, or stuns you to the point that you’re unable to focus and think straight.

Enmadrarse

While we’re on the subject of my daughters, my oldest daughter becomes very frantic when I leave her. Whether I’m leaving for work or just leaving the room, oftentimes she’ll panic. Even if her dad is still in the room with her, she’ll stress when I’m not with her.

Enmadrarse — When a child is very attached (emotionally) to their mother.

Concuñado

This summer my husband was shadowing a doctor to learn more about his practice. When people asked how we knew the doctor it became really confusing really fast. If only concuñado were a word in English.

Concuñado — The husband of your spouse’s sister or the husband of your sister-in-law.

Consuegro

Another word about family that would solve a lot of confusing explanations.

My daughter has two sets of grandparents, my parents and my husband’s parents. We can clearly explain the relationship of both sets of grandparents to my daughter, to me and to my husband (mom and dad and the in-laws). But what are they to each other?

Consuegro — The relationship between two sets of in-laws. My parents and my husband’s parents are consuegros.

Resol

Have you ever held a mirror in your hand, caught the sun’s glare just right and shined it in your older brother’s eyes? Let’s be honest, who hasn’t?

Resol — The reflection of the sun off of a surface or the glare of the sun.

Recogerse

You’ve been sitting on the porch enjoying the evening. But now the sun has set. The yawns are starting to set in. The evening’s coming to an end and you all decide to go indoors.

Recogerse — To go indoors in the evening once the day is over or to go home to rest or go to bed.

Estrenar

After you go shopping, you’re beyond excited to wear your new clothes for the first time. At least, that’s how I always feel. Sometimes I’ll even wait until I know that I’ll be around a lot of people so I can show off my new digs.

Estrenar — To wear something for the first time or to break something in.

Merendar

In English we often call this “going out for coffee.” But that’s very limiting to just getting coffee. Merendar widens that idea up quite a bit.

Merendar — Going out to have a snack, coffee, brunch or some other small meal.

Sobremesa

While living in Argentina, my family loved to go out to eat at the local restaurants. The atmosphere was incredibly different from any restaurant I’ve been to in the United States.

Once the meal is over in the United States, the waiter usually will bring you the check, you’ll pay immediately and you’ll leave. In many Spanish cultures, it’s very common to stay at the table for hours after the meal is over and just talk over a cup of coffee.

Sobremesa — The conversation that takes place at the dinner table after the meal is over.

Puente

Much like sobremesa, puente speaks to the Spanish culture. Now, puente does mean bridge but, in some cases, it’s a very specific (and abstract) bridge that we don’t talk about much in English.

Puente — When Thursday is a holiday and you take off Friday to bridge the holiday to the weekend, or, likewise, when Tuesday is a holiday and you take off Monday to extend your weekend.

Antier

Technically this word can be translated directly into English, but it’s a lengthy, wordy phrase. Wouldn’t it be nice if we had a single word?

Antier — The day before yesterday.

Antier is a bit antiquated, and anteayer is the more common phrase in modern day.

Friolento

My neighbor’s mom was in town staying with her for a few days. Overall, the weather was pretty nice and sunny. Then all of a sudden it started snowing. She came downstairs and told her daughter, “There’s a flight leaving in an hour, I’m out of here!”

Friolento — Someone who’s sensitive to the cold. The cold can refer to the weather, drinks or food.

Desvelado

We’ve all had those nights when we’ve tossed and turned and tried to sleep but just couldn’t convince the sandman to stop at our mattress.

Desvelado — Unable to sleep or sleep-deprived.

Te Quiero

You’re in a new relationship. You’re really starting to fall for this guy/girl. You like them as more than a friend, but jumping from friend to “I love you” is like trying to jump across a wide lake. If only you had a stepping stone.

Te Quiero — More than “I like you,” but not quite “I love you.”

Tutear

Usted versus tú is a confusing concept for someone who’s just learning Spanish or for someone who speaks no Spanish at all. We don’t have a formal and an informal speech in English.

Tutear — When you speak to someone in the informal tú form.

Estadounidense

While I was living in Argentina, I’d have friends ask me about my nationality. “I’m American,” I’d reply. “North American or South American?” “North American…I’m from the States…” would be my unsure reply to that follow-up question.

If only I’d known that Spanish has a more specific word for this than English does!

Estadounidense — Someone who’s from the United States.

Entrecejo

Do you remember Bert and Ernie from “Sesame Street”? Bert had that fabulous unibrow which was really a fuzzy line across his puppet face. He didn’t have an entrecejo.

Entrecejo — The space between your eyebrows.

Chapuza

Have you ever seen a car that’s literally being held together by zip ties and duct tape? Or maybe someone has made a cake and it looks awful?

Chapuza — A lousy job, a shabby piece of work. When something’s put together poorly.

Dar Un Toque

This phrase was probably more applicable before texting was so widely used. But it’s still something that I find myself doing when I want someone to call me back and I know they won’t answer my initial call.

Dar Un Toque — Calling someone, letting it ring once, then hanging up so the person knows to call you back.

Golpista

Perhaps it’s a good thing that in English we haven’t needed this word. It makes sense that, with as much political unrest as there has been in Spanish-speaking countries, there would be a specific Spanish word for someone like Franco.

Golpista — The leader of a military coup.

Mimoso

We all know that person who loves hugs and kisses and affection in general. They may even like to be fussed over. We could be talking about our grandma who loves hugging and kissing us, or our cat who wants your constant attention and petting.

Mimoso — Someone who enjoys being given affection or wants to give affection in the form of physical contact.

Pavonearse

Sometimes, the mimosos in our lives enjoy pavonearse.

Pavonearse — Strutting around like a peacock, acting like they own the place.

Soler

Everyone does this a million times a day without even realizing it. Tying our shoes. Washing our hands a certain way. Pouring our cereal first then the milk.

Soler — Doing something out of habit, doing something that you’re used to doing.

Tocayo

Maybe if we had a fun word in English like this, children would stop being annoyed when someone else has the same name as them.

Tocayo — Someone who has the same name as you.

Amigovio

This isn’t a concept that’s uncommon in any culture worldwide. However, Spanish has consolidated another wordy English phrase into a single elegant word.

Amigovio(a) — Friend with benefits.

Well, there you have it!

Next time you can’t find the word in English, just drop the Spanish word casually.

“Oh your name’s Jessica? My name’s Jessica. We’re totally tocayas.”

Try it out!

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12 Greek Words You Should Know / 2023

By Daniel Scocco

Below you will find 12 Greek words that are commonly used in our society. The next time you hear someone saying “Kudos to you,” you will know where it comes from.

1. Acme

The highest point of a structure. The peak or zenith of something. One could say that Rome reached the acme of its power on 117 AD, under the rule of Trajan.

The acme of modular, factory-built, passively safe reactor design, however, is found in South Africa. People there have been experimenting with so-called pebble-bed reactors for decades. (The Economist)

2. Acropolis

Acro means edge or extremity, while polis means city. Acropolis, therefore, refers to cities that were built with security purposes in mind. The word Acropolis is commonly associated with Greece’s capital Athens, although it can refer to any citadel, including Rome and Jerusalem.

The Beijing Olympics torch relay reached the ancient Acropolis in Athens on Saturday amid heavy police security and brief demonstrations by small groups of protesters. (New York Times)

3. Agora

The Agora was an open market place, present in most cities of the ancient Greece. Today the term can be used to express any type of open assembly or congregation.

The most characteristic feature of each settlement, regardless of its size, was a plaza-an open space that acted as a cemetery and may have been a marketplace. It was also, the archaeologists suspect, a place of political assembly, just as the agora in an ancient Greek city was both marketplace and legislature. (The Economist)

4. Anathema

Anathema is a noun and it means a formal ban, curse or excommunication. It can also refer to someone or something extremely negative, disliked or damned. Curiously enough, the original Greek meaning for this word was “something offered to the gods.”

Some thinkers argue that while collaboration may work for an online encyclopedia, it’s anathema to original works of art or scholarship, both of which require a point of view and an authorial voice. (USA Today)

5. Anemia

Anemia refers to a condition characterized by a qualitative or quantitative deficiency of the red blood cells (or of the hemoglobin). Over the years, however, the term started to appear in other contexts, referring to any deficiency that lies at the core of a system or organization.

6. Ethos

Translated literally from the Greek, ethos means “accustomed place.” It refers to a disposition or characteristics peculiar to a specific person, culture or movement. Synonyms include mentality, mindset and values.

Consumerism needs this infantilist ethos because it favors laxity and leisure over discipline and denial, values childish impetuosity and juvenile narcissism over adult order and enlightened self-interest, and prefers consumption-directed play to spontaneous recreation. (Los Angeles Times)

7. Dogma

Dogma refers to the established belief or set of principles held by a religion, ideology or by any organization. Dogmas are also authoritative and undisputed. Outside of the religious context, therefore, the term tends to carry a negative connotation. Notice that the plural is either dogmata or dogmas.

It’s not a new type of web, it’s just where the web has got to – it’s also a terrific excuse for much chatter on the blogging circuit, and a huge amount of dogmatism. (Financial Times)

8. Eureka

The exclamation Eureka is used to celebrate a discovery, and it can be translated to “I have found!”. It is attributed to the famous Greek mathematician Archimedes. While taking a bath, he suddenly realized that the water displaced must be equal to the volume of the part of his body he had submerged. He got so excited with the discovery that he left his home and started to run and shout “Eureka!” through the streets of Syracuse.

Those eureka moments in the shower or on the bus when something suddenly starts to make sense only happen if you keep plugging away. (The Guardian)

9. Genesis

Genesis means birth or origin. There are many synonyms for this word, including beginning, onset, start, spring, dawn and commencement. Genesis is also the name of the first book of the Bible.

And when Mr McCain headed to the safe shoals of policy wonkery, Mr Obama flayed his idea of calling for a commission to investigate the genesis of the financial crisis as the resort of politicians who don’t know what else to do. (The Economist)

10. Phobia

Many people wrongly think that a phobia is a fear. In reality it is more than that. Phobia is an irrational and exaggerated fear of something. The fear can be associated with certain activities, situations, things or people.

11. Plethora

You have a plethora when you go beyond what is needed or appropriate. It represents an excess or undesired abundance.

In California, for example, some neighborhoods have been blighted by the plethora of empty homes. Joe Minnis, a real estate agent for Prudential California, knows foreclosed homes in San Bernardino that have been systematically stripped, trashed and tagged by gang members. (Business Week)

12. Kudos

Kudos means fame or glory, usually resulting from an important act or achievement. It is interesting to notice that in Greek and in the Standard British English, Kudos is a singular noun. Inside the United States, however, it is often used in a plural form (e.g., You deserve many kudos for this accomplishment!)

They deserve the kudos because they could be deemed responsible for the marked improvement in the commercials during Super Bowl XL last night. (New York Times)

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16 Unique English Words That’Ll Make You Sound Like A Genius / 2023

Have you ever heard someone say an English word you didn’t understand?

A word that left you flummoxed?

If you have, you’re not alone!

English has a ton of unique words that you may not be familiar with yet.

But, don’t let strange-looking words thwart your efforts at learning English!

Go grab your eyeglasses if you’re myopic, and let’s look at a list of unique English words that you can learn to pronounce and spell.

Oh, and be sure to clear the phlegm from your throat too because you’re going to want to say these words out loud.

When we’re done, we’ll go and celebrate with spinach and chicken phyllo pie, okay?

Alright, I have the list ready and I’m sure you’re going to enjoy learning these unusual English words and adding them to your vocabulary list.

But before that, let’s take a quick look at what makes a word unique and why it’s great to have unique English words in our vocabulary!

What Makes an English Word Unique?

English is a language with words that originate from many different cultures and languages.

Don’t be surprised if you come across English words that look and sound like words in your native language. Stop here for a moment and see if you can think of any!

So, what exactly makes an English word unique?

To explain this very simply, a unique word is one that’s unusual or different in some way. It might have a complicated history or interesting connections to another language.

But, primarily what makes an English word interesting is its unusual spelling, pronunciation or meaning.

Why Learn Unique English Words?

Because unique and unusual words are so interesting, they can be both good fun and challenging to learn.

When you look at a unique English word, you may be puzzled about how to pronounce it, or you may wonder why it’s spelled the way it is.

Finally, because unusual English words are used less often, using them will make you sound smart.

Are you wondering how you can keep practicing these unique English words after reading this list?

FluentU takes real-world videos -like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks-and turns them into personalized language learning opportunities.

You’ll gain access to countless videos and audio, which you can use to see these unique words and more English vocabulary used in real-life situations.

For example, when you tap on the word “brought,” you see this:

You can start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, by downloading the app from the iTunes or Google Play stores.

And now, here are 16 unique English words to add to your vocabulary!

When you read this word, does it jump out and make you a little confused?

If so, you were right to be confused and puzzled! That’s exactly what flummox (verb) means.

Whenever you see an unusual English word, you’re likely to be flummoxed for a bit until you check your dictionary and find out that its meaning is really quite simple.

This word looks simple but it’s unique in that it’s a pretty old word that’s not used often these days.

Dowdy (adjective) is used to describe something that’s old and shabby, not modern or stylish.

Maybe she’s having a bad day. I’ve never seen her wearing anything so dowdy before.

This word rhymes with the previous word but means something completely different.

Howdy is a casual greeting that is not commonly used, but can add some flavor to your English.

For an engaging example of the word howdy, check out this sample video from Creativa’s Mastering Business Video Calls in English course, which has tips for expressing yourself effectively:

By the way, if you like that video, you’ll love Creativa.

Creativa provides premium, highly produced videos for learning English and business communication skills. Creativa provides entertaining videos, useful but unexpected tips, and goes beyond just English to teach you body language, intonation and specific pronunciation tips. Creativa is a new product from the FluentU team.

Here’s a word that not only looks funny but sounds funny too when you say it out loud. Try it!

What’s even funnier is that nincompoop (noun) means a silly person and is sometimes used jokingly to refer to someone who is not very smart.

My house is just down the road from the bus stop. I don’t understand how those nincompoops managed to lose their way.

Notice the unusual spelling and pronunciation of this word, which came into use some 80 years ago, according to Merriam-Webster.

Muesli (noun) is a cereal consisting of rolled oats, fruits and nuts. It’s a popular breakfast food in Switzerland.

Eating a bowl of muesli in the morning is a healthy way to start your day.

This word is unusual in that its spelling doesn’t reflect how it’s pronounced.

Phlegm (noun) is the viscous (thick) fluid that blocks your nose and throat when you have the flu.

Phlegm and a runny nose can really make you feel uncomfortable, so it’s best to take the day off and stay home till you feel better.

Do you know what this word means? Hint: It has nothing to do with balloons. According to Merriam-Webster, it was first used almost 100 years ago.

Baloney (noun) simply means nonsense and is often used when you disagree with someone.

That’s baloney! Don’t believe a word of what he says!

You may find this word unique because of its unusual spelling.

Myopic (adjective) is the scientific word for nearsightedness, an eye condition in which you’re unable to see objects or images that are far away from you.

I’m myopic. I really need my eyeglasses. I can’t see without them.

According to Merriam-Webster, this word was first used around 300 years ago. That’s really old! Any idea what it means? Hint: It has nothing to do with bamboo.

To bamboozle (verb) someone means to trick or confuse them.

I went to buy a TV that was on sale but ended up being bamboozled into buying a more expensive unit.

Now, this is a pretty unique word not only because of the way it’s spelled but also because of how it’s pronounced.

Phyllo (noun) is a very thin dough that pastry chefs layer together to form a flaky pastry.

The orange-pecan baklava pie I had yesterday was made with phyllo pastry. Yummy!

According to TheFreeDictionary, this word dates back to the 13th century. Indeed, its spelling is similar to how some old English words are spelled, and it’s unique because it’s still being used quite often today.

To thwart (verb) means to ruin (spoil) someone’s efforts or to prevent a plan from becoming successful.

We spent months preparing to climb Mount Everest. Who knew the weather would thwart our plans at the last minute?

Now here’s an old-fashioned, informal word, according to the Cambridge Dictionary, with a funny pronunciation too. Are you laughing now? I bet you are. Ha-ha!

Brouhaha (noun) simply means an uproar (upset) or a lot of anger and complaining.

What’s with all that brouhaha? I think he did the right thing by resigning from his position.

Words that begin with the letter “z” are always interesting. This one is also unique because, as Merriam-Webster tells us, it comes from Latin and Greek and was first used in the 14th century.

Zeal (noun) refers to a strong interest or eagerness in pursuing something.

Her zeal for handmade designer shoes and handbags has made her the talk of the town.

Does this word look unusual to you? I believe it’s because of its spelling. It’s not common for the letter “p” to be followed by “n.”

Pneumatic (adjective) is used to describe something that’s filled with air or gas or that uses air pressure.

Can you think of an example of something that’s pneumatic? That’s right. Car tires, bicycle pumps and vacuum cleaners are all pneumatic.

Words with the letter “x” are also quite interesting. Note the pronunciation of this word, as it’s not usually how you would pronounce the letter “x.”

Noxious (adjective) often refers to something that’s dangerous, harmful or destructive to living things.

You shouldn’t be standing behind that bus and breathing in all those noxious fumes. It’s bad for your health.

Now here’s a cute and funny word that’s been around since the 16th century, according to Merriam-Webster. Can you guess its meaning?

Flimflam (noun) refers to a trick or a ploy to deceive someone.

If you’re going to buy a used car online, you must be able to separate the flimflam from the facts.

So there you have it-a list of unique English words you can add to your vocabulary!

I hope you’re no longer bamboozled and that you’re all set to practice using these words with zeal. Look for opportunities to use them as often as you can.

Remember, practice makes perfect.

So, go out there, have fun and impress everyone!

If you liked this post, something tells me that you’ll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos.

Experience English immersion online!

The 100 Most Common Words In Spoken Spanish – Spanish For Your Job / 2023

Wouldn’t it be easier if you had a clear path you could follow? If you could just have a list of words used in everyday conversations?

That’s the purpose of this post where you’ll find the 100 words used most often in spoken Spanish.

Why these 100 words?

Lets imagine you want to learn how to be a bartender quickly in order to get a job around town. Would you start by learning hundreds of drinks from around the world? or would you find out which are the most popular drinks around your area, and learn those first?

Probably the second option, right? Like this, you’d get the job and learn more as you go.

The idea behind this list of words is similar. Find out what’s useful and used most often, so you can focus on that first to improve your Spanish faster. It’s classic 80/20.

By the way… Want to

understand more Spoken Spanish?

Does it sound like fast mumbo jumbo to you?

Having listening materials with “audible training wheels” is an easy way to make it happen. You can practice your listening skills using your phone during the day.

It’s easy! If you are interested in practice materials to help you understand more spoken Spanish that are also easy to use, you can take a look over here: Spoken Spanish Listening Materials

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The 80/20 Principle:

In other words, it’s the few things that matter most.

We can use the 80/20 Principle in Spanish to prioritize in order to move faster. In this case, by determining a subgroup of words  (which is usually around 20%) that are used most often in common conversations.

By focusing on that 20% you can get disproportionate results in the progress of your language skills and move faster.

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Get a Copy of the List and an Downloadable Audio File so you can Practice later:

If you’d like to get a downloadable copy of this list of 100 words (with sample sentences in Spanish and English for each on of them) as well as an audio MP3 file with the pronunciation of each word and each example; sign up here to have them delivered to your inbox in less than 1 minute:

The 100 Most Common Words in Spoken Spanish

Now, it’s time to review the full list of words. If you are just getting started, focus on the first 50 words on the list. After you memorize those, move on to the full list. Here it is (have fun!)

…Rank…

        Word in Spanish                                       

Meaning in English

1

que

that

2

de

of, from

3

no

no

4

a

to

5

la

the

(for singular feminine nouns)

6

el

the (for masculine singular nouns)

7

es

he is, she is, it is (for essential characteristics)

8

y

and

9

en

in, on, at

10

lo

it, him (direct-object pronoun)

11

un

a, an (for singular masculine nouns)

12

por

for, by, through

13

qué

what / how (as in “how nice!”)

14

me

me, myself

15

una

a, an (for singular feminine nouns)

16

te

you (direct-object pronoun)

17

los

the (for plural masculine nouns)

18

se

himself, herself, itself

19

con

with

20

para

for, to

21

mi

my

22

está

he is, she is, it is (non-permanent characteristics)

23

si

if

24

bien

well, good

25

pero

but

26

yo

I

27

eso

that

28

las

the (for plural feminine nouns)

29

yes

30

su

his, her, its

31

tu

your

32

aquí

here

33

del

of the, from the, in the

34

al

to the

35

como

how, as, like

36

le

him, her, formal you (indirect object pronoun)

37

más

more

38

esto

this (for singular masculine nouns)

39

ya

already

40

todo

everything

41

esta

this one (for singular feminine nouns)

42

vamos

let’s go, come on

43

muy

very

44

hay

there is

45

ahora

now

46

algo

something

47

estoy

I am (non-permanent characteristics)

48

tengo

I have

49

nos

us

50

you

51

nada

nothing

52

cuando

when

53

ha

he has, she has, it has (auxiliary)

54

este

this one (for singular masculine nouns)

55

I know

56

estás

you are (non-permanent characteristics)

57

así

like this

58

puedo

I can

59

cómo

how

60

quiero

I want

61

sólo

only, just

62

soy

I am (for essential characteristics)

63

tiene

he has, she has, it has

64

gracias

thank you

65

o

or

66

él

he

67

bueno

good

68

fue

he was, she was, it was

69

ser

to be (for permanent characteristics)

70

hacer

to do, to make

71

son

they are (for permanent characteristics)

72

todos

all of us, all of them

73

era

he was, she was, it was (permanent characteristics)

74

eres

you are (permanent characteristics)

75

vez

time (as in “one time”)

76

tienes

you have

77

creo

I believe

78

ella

she

79

he

I have (auxiliary)

80

ese

that one

81

voy

I go

82

puede

he can, she can, it can

83

sabes

you know

84

hola

hello

85

sus

his, her (for plural nouns)

86

porque

because

87

Dios

God

88

quién

who

89

nunca

never

90

dónde

where

91

quieres

you want

92

casa

house

93

favor

favor

94

esa

that one (for singular feminine nouns)

95

dos

two

96

tan

so

97

señor

mister

98

tiempo

time

99

verdad

truth

100

estaba

I was (non-permanent characteristics)

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