Xu Hướng 3/2023 # 28 Beautiful Words For Love From Around The World # Top 6 View | Hoisinhvienqnam.edu.vn

Xu Hướng 3/2023 # 28 Beautiful Words For Love From Around The World # Top 6 View

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28 Beautiful Words for Love from Around the World – and Their Literal Translations into English

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Keep reading for an in-depth overview.

There are more words for “love”  than there are languages in the world. Let me explain with an example:

The Japanese language has dozens of ways to say “you”. There are polite forms, very polite forms, impolite forms and downright rude forms.

There are different ways of addressing men and women, immediate superiors, higher superiors, inferior colleagues, male children, female children, your boyfriend, girlfriend or spouse. There are even different ways to address a suspected criminal depending on whether they’ve just been accused, are on trial, or have been convicted.

Do all these different words for “you” exist just to annoy foreigners learning Japanese? Of course not. They’re integral to Japanese culture, and they give foreigners valuable insight into an intangible aspect of that culture, namely that status and relationships are very important in Japan.

Likewise, there are many languages that have several different ways to express the concept of love. What do you suppose this says about those cultures?

English has a few different words for different kinds of love, including fondness, affection, and infatuation (though one could argue that not all of these are actually types of love). But when it comes to the word “love” itself, this one word can express all of these concepts and more.

Consider the following English sentences:

I love my husband/wife

I love my mother

I love my best friend

I love learning languages

I love Mondays

No matter what kind of love we’re talking about in English, we can use one single word for it: “love”. This is as baffling to some students of English as all the different forms of “you” are to people learning Japanese.

Why should the concept of romantic love (“I love my husband/wife”) use the same word as parental love (“I love my mother”), or love of an object?

In English, the word “love” has become diluted so that it can be used in place of “like”. In some languages, the difference is very important. Is the English language limited by not putting much value on this difference? Monolingual English speakers would probably say no, but that’s because they don’t have anything to compare it to.

The truth is, the more languages you learn, the more you see the benefit of having various ways to refer to “love”.

Let’s take a look at how some languages express the idea of love. Some languages have just one or two words, like English. Others have many more, and they’re as integral to the culture as all the different Japanese words for “you” are to Japanese culture.

1. Greek Words for Love

Greek famously has four main words for love:

Έρωτας (Erotas) (known as Έρως (Eros) in Ancient Greek): This refers only to romantic love or courtship. You’ll recognize it as the root of the English word erotic

Aγάπη (Agape): In Ancient Greek, this word described a spiritual or charitable love, such as the love that God has for man. This word is used often in the Greek translation of the Bible. In modern Greek, its definition is more broad, and can be used to express love for family or a romantic partner.

Φιλία (Philia): The general word for non-romantic love between equals, such as between friends and family, or love for activities. You’ll recognize this word as a suffix of several English words, such as “cinephile” (film lover) or “francophile” (French language lover). This word isn’t used as often today as it was in Ancient Greek.

Στοργή (Storgé): This is the word used to describe the natural affection that exists between parents and children. This word is also more rare today than it was in ancient times

2. Love in American Sign Language

ASL is a language unto itself. It doesn’t just translate words directly from English into signs, as many people think. ASL grammar is also very different from English grammar. ASL has two ways to say the English word “love” (video credits: Signing Savvy: ASL videos and learning resources):

1. Love for actions or objects (e.g. “I love learning languages”). This word is signed by kissing the back of your fist:

2. Love for living beings (e.g. “I love my mother/spouse/dog”). This word is signed by crossing your arms over your chest and “hugging” yourself:

3. Japanese Words for Love

As you’ve probably already guessed from the introduction, Japanese is a highly nuanced language. This goes for a concept like “love” as well. Though luckily there aren’t as many words for love as there are for “you”! There are two main words for the concept of love, but the usages of each are highly dependent on a variety of cultural factors.

愛 (Ai): Depending on the context, 愛 can be used to refer to several types of love, including friendships, family, and love of things or activities. It’s used as the base for constructing many different love-related words, such as 愛犬家 (aikenka; a dog lover), 母性愛 (boseiai; maternal love) or 博愛 (hakuai; philanthropy).

恋 (Koi): This word usually implies physical or romantic love, though in certain contexts, it can imply a more “selfish” type of love. It’s used in the construction of such romance-related words as 恋人 (koibito; a boyfriend/girlfriend), 恋敵 (koigataki; a rival in love) or 初恋 (hatsukoi; first love).

4. Tamil Words for Love

Tamil is the language of Sri Lanka and two states in India. It’s also one of the four official languages of Singapore. Its roots go back thousands of years, giving it a rich history in literature and poetry.

According to some sources, there are dozens of different words in Tamil to express the concept of love. Here are a few words:

அன்பு (Anpu): This is the general term for love. It can describe romantic love, affection, friendship or devotion.

காதல் (Katl): Katl is reserved for expressing romantic love.

ஆசை (Achai): This is the love you feel when you long for someone.

பாசம் (Pachm): The feeling of deeply connected love. You can use this word to describe parental love, for example.

கைக்கிளை (Kaikkilai): This word probably doesn’t have an equivalent in very many languages. It’s used to express a romantic love that isn’t reciprocated by the other person. It’s a great example of what a rich, nuanced language Tamil is.

5. Spanish Words for Love

While Spanish really only has one noun for love (amor), when it comes to the verb “to love”, there are three different Spanish words to choose from. These depend on context, of course.

Querer: The word querer is the general term to use when you love a person, including friends, family or romantic partners. It also translates into English as “to want”, but don’t let that confuse you. “Te quiero” is not the equivalent of the decidedly un-romantic English sentence “I want you”. It makes more sense to look at the word querer as a homonym having two distinct meanings in Spanish: “love” and “want”. Just like the word “love” in English can also refer to a score of zero in tennis, which has nothing to do with the feeling of love.

Amar: Amar is a much stronger version of querer, and is only used in a romantic way.

Encantar: You might recognize the origin of the English word “enchant” in the Spanish verb encantar. This word is most similar to the English word “love” when referring to activities. It indicates a strong like. If you’d say “I love studying Spanish” in English, then use encantar for the Spanish translation: “Me encanta estudiar español.”

6. Arabic Words for Love

Another profoundly rich and varied language, Arabic has at least eleven different words for love. These range from general terms similar to English, to very specific terms for certain phases of love that you might go through while falling deeply in love with someone. Here are a few key words from that spectrum:

حب(Habb): This is the general word for “love”. It can describe romantic love, or love for family, activities or objects. You might recognize it as the root of the Arabic terms of endearment habib (for men) and habibi (for women).

عشق(‘Ishq): When you’re in the “honeymoon phase” of love and are feeling a passionate love for your partner, ’ishq is the word to use. It’s the feeling you have when the initial love you felt for someone has now taken root. In fact, the origin of this word comes from the Arabic word for “vine”. This conveys the impression of the love having been planted in your heart so it can grow into passion.

شغف(Shaghaf): This word is reserved for an intensely burning love or lust. You can use it to describe being madly in love with someone.

حنان(Hanaan): Hanaan has several meanings, including compassion, tenderness, and loving care. It’s a common Arabic first name for girls.

7. Irish Words for Love

Irish is the first official language of my home country. People are often surprised to learn that it’s quite different from English, being a Celtic language rather than Germanic. Here are a few of the numerous Irish words to express love:

Grá: This is the all-purpose word for love, which can be used in generally the same way as the English word “love” (for loving people, places, romantic partners, etc.)

Cion: Cion roughly translates as “affection”, such as the love you might have for a child.

Searc: This is used for describing romantic love or “true love”.

Cumann: Use cumann when you want to express the love and companionship that exists between friends.

8. Sanskrit Words for Love

Sanskrit is a classical language that has influenced modern South and Southeast Asian languages at least as much as Greek and Latin have influenced modern European languages. This language has an astounding 96 words for love. Here is just a small sampling of the vast spectrum of Sanskrit words for love.

स्नेह (Sneha): Maternal love or affection.

काम (Kama): Erotic or amorous love. You might recognize this word from the title of the famous ancient text, the Kama Sutra.

अनुरक्ति (Anurakti): Passionate love or attachment.

रति (Rati): This word originally meant to enjoy or delight in something or someone. The meaning has evolved to imply a physical desire or love.

प्रिय (Priya): Meaning “darling” or “beloved”, Priya is a common given name for girls in India and Nepal.

9. Love in the Klingon Language

There’s not much to be said here. The fictional Klingon language, from the Star Trek universe reportedly has no words for love. Close translations include “unhate” and “honour”. What do you suppose this says about that culture?

This is just a tiny sampling of all the different ways there are in the world to express the complex emotions associated with love. If you know of other languages that have multiple ways to describe different kinds of love, or languages whose nuances for love can’t be directly translated into English, I’d love to hear about them 😉

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100 Beautiful And Ugly Words

100 Beautiful and Ugly Words

By Mark Nichol

One of the many fascinating features of our language is how often words with pleasant associations are also quite pleasing on the tongue and even to the eye, and how many words, by contrast, acoustically and visually corroborate their disagreeable nature — look no further than the heading for this post.

Enrich the poetry of your prose by applying words that provide precise connotation while also evoking emotional responses. (Note the proportion of beautiful words to ugly ones in the compilation below; it’s easier to conjure the former than the latter, though I omitted words associated with bodily functions, as well as onomatopoeic terms.)

Notice how often attractive words present themselves to define other beautiful ones, and note also how many of them are interrelated, and what kind of sensations, impressions, and emotions they have in common. Also, try enunciating beautiful words as if they were ugly, or vice versa. Are their sounds suggestive of their quality, or does their meaning wholly determine their effect on us?

Beautiful Words

Amorphous: indefinite, shapeless Beguile: deceive Caprice: impulse Cascade: steep waterfall Cashmere: fine, delicate wool Chrysalis: protective covering Cinnamon: an aromatic spice; its soft brown color Coalesce: unite, or fuse Crepuscular: dim, or twilit Crystalline: clear, or sparkling Desultory: half-hearted, meandering Diaphanous: gauzy Dulcet: sweet Ebullient: enthusiastic Effervescent: bubbly Elision: omission Enchanted: charmed Encompass: surround Enrapture: delighted Ephemeral: fleeting Epiphany: revelation Epitome: embodiment of the ideal Ethereal: celestial, unworldly, immaterial Etiquette: proper conduct Evanescent: fleeting Evocative: suggestive Exuberant: abundant, unrestrained, outsize Felicity: happiness, pleasantness Filament: thread, strand Halcyon: care-free Idyllic: contentedly pleasing Incorporeal: without form Incandescent: glowing, radiant, brilliant, zealous Ineffable: indescribable, unspeakable Inexorable: relentless Insouciance: nonchalance Iridescent: luster Languid: slow, listless Lassitude: fatigue Lilt: cheerful or buoyant song or movement Lithe: flexible, graceful Lullaby: soothing song Luminescence: dim chemical or organic light Mellifluous: smooth, sweet Mist: cloudy moisture, or similar literal or virtual obstacle Murmur: soothing sound Myriad: great number Nebulous: indistinct Opulent: ostentatious Penumbra: shade, shroud, fringe Plethora: abundance Quiescent: peaceful Quintessential: most purely representative or typical Radiant: glowing Redolent: aromatic, evocative Resonant: echoing, evocative Resplendent: shining Rhapsodic: intensely emotional Sapphire: rich, deep bluish purple Scintilla: trace Serendipitous: chance Serene: peaceful Somnolent: drowsy, sleep inducing Sonorous: loud, impressive, imposing Spherical: ball-like, globular Sublime: exalted, transcendent Succulent: juicy, tasty, rich Suffuse: flushed, full Susurration: whispering Symphony: harmonious assemblage Talisman: charm, magical device Tessellated: checkered in pattern Tranquility: peacefulness Vestige: trace Zenith: highest point

Ugly Words

Cacophony: confused noise Cataclysm: flood, catastrophe, upheaval Chafe: irritate, abrade Coarse: common, crude, rough, harsh Cynical: distrustful, self-interested Decrepit: worn-out, run-down Disgust: aversion, distaste Grimace: expression of disgust or pain Grotesque: distorted, bizarre Harangue: rant Hirsute: hairy Hoarse: harsh, grating Leech: parasite, Maladroit: clumsy Mediocre: ordinary, of low quality Obstreperous: noisy, unruly Rancid: offensive, smelly Repugnant: distasteful Repulsive: disgusting Shriek: sharp, screeching sound Shrill: high-pitched sound Shun: avoid, ostracize Slaughter: butcher, carnage Unctuous: smug, ingratiating Visceral: crude, anatomically graphic

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Remove These Words From Your Resume Right Away

These terms may sound good to you, but they actually make recruiters cringe.

Studies have found that the average recruiter scans a resume for less than 10 seconds before deciding if the candidate is a good fit for an open position. When you have so little time to impress a recruiter, every word on your resume counts. That’s why it’s important to carefully choose which terms belong on your resume and which are better left out.

Below are some tips to help you get your application noticed by including the right words on your resume and removing the ones that are proven to bore and repel recruiters.

Determine which words belong in your resume

Before you decide to update your professional resume, consider your current goals. The best resumes are written with a specific job in mind. Gather a few job posts that describe the type of position you want to land and take a good look at how each organization describes the role, its responsibilities, and its primary requirements.

Make a note of any key phrases, terms, or technical skills that are repeated throughout all of the job listings. If you possess these skills or qualities, incorporate this language into your resume. This will ensure that your job applications make it past the applicant tracking system’s (ATS) initial screen and into the employer’s hands for further assessment.

Avoid the temptation to add fluff

Strategic. Passionate. Creative. Not only are these words considered to be nothing more than “marketing fluff” by recruiters and hiring managers, but they also top LinkedIn’s list of the most overused buzzwords for the past three consecutive years.

If you want to impress an employer, get rid of the filler words that crowd your resume and focus on demonstrating your qualifications. For instance, instead of describing yourself as “specialized” or an “expert,” list the results you’ve achieved in your field that qualify your expertise. In other words, aim to show, rather than tell, employers about your skills by illustrating them with relevant accomplishments and major contributions.

While it can be difficult to keep your resume’s professional summary completely fluff-free, do your best to avoid using these overused buzzwords wherever possible.

Swap out weak action verbs

Are you tired of writing that you were “Responsible for,” “Managed,” or “Assisted with” some project on your resume? Well, recruiters are tired of reading those things too. These verbs are okay if you intend to use them occasionally to describe a job responsibility on your resume, but the moment you find yourself repeating these common words and phrases – stop.

It’s time to get a little creative. Swap out these terms for strong action verbs that paint a more colorful picture of your career story.

What is an action verb, you ask?

Well, action verbs are just what they sound like – words that express action. When chosen carefully, they can be a powerful way to describe your capabilities and accomplishments. However, not all action verbs are created equal, and frankly, some resume action verbs have been overused to the point of exhaustion. There are only so many times you can say that you “led” a team, “handled” a situation, or “supported” an initiative before your job descriptions become repetitive and boring. This can be especially challenging if you’ve held several roles in the past with similar job responsibilities.

If you find yourself describing your work experience with the same boring words over and over again, try switching them out for strong, compelling action verbs that will catch employers’ eyes.

Here are a few examples to help you bring your accomplishments to life on your resume:

Instead of “Managed,” try “Directed,” “Guided,” “Facilitated,” “Recruited,” “Mentored,” or “Cultivated.”

Instead of “Helped,” try “Coached,” “Represented,” “Clarified,” “Referred,” “Facilitated,” or “Assessed.”

Instead of “Created,” try “Designed,” “Originated,” “Developed,” “Shaped,” “Conceptualized,” or “Fashioned.”

Remove the unnecessary

The final step in updating your professional resume is to get rid of any information that is considered outdated, extraneous, or distracting by hiring managers and recruiters. Below is a list of common items professionals tend to include on their resume that have no business being there.

Related: It’s Time to Ditch Your Resume Objective Statement

Your mailing address. There’s no need to include your street address on your resume, especially if you plan on posting it on your LinkedIn profile or to a job board. While it’s important for recruiters to see your city, state, and zip code (as they tend to give preference to local candidates), the street address isn’t necessary.

“References available upon request.” You only have a couple pages of resume real estate with which to work. Don’t bother including this phrase or a list of your references. Recruiters know you’ll provide this information should they ask.

The past. If you recently graduated college and entered the workforce, it’s time to get rid of any references to your high school activities and focus on highlighting your new degree and relevant internships or coursework. If you’re a senior professional, limit your work experience to the most recent 15 years and remove dates from degrees and certifications that occurred before the time period. Employers care most about what you’ve done recently and how that’s relevant to their open position.

Need help finding the right words to use on your resume? Submit your resume for a free review.

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25 Most Beautiful Latin Words And Meanings

Some of the loveliest languages in the world trace their roots back to Latin. When you read some of the most beautiful Latin words and phrases, you can see why. Whether the ancient Romans were talking about nature, romance, or even something mundane, their language was nothing short of gorgeous.

25 Most Beautiful Latin Words and Meanings

Beautiful Latin Words for Nature

Strictly-speaking, the Latin word for “nature” is “naturae.” However, there are some amazing Latin words for beautiful natural sights and experiences. When you read these gorgeous words and phrases, it’s obvious that humans living in Ancient Rome appreciated the beauty of the natural world just as much as we do today.

Gorgeous Latin Words and Phrases About Love

The Latin word for love is “amare,” and there are few topics more beautiful than love. Unsurprisingly, the Latin language has a number of wonderful expressions that share the wisdom of ages past on this subject. These romantic sayings are perfect for wedding vows, tattoos, and more. They make it clear why the languages that come from Latin, such as French, Spanish, and Italian, are known as the ” romance languages”:

Inspiring Latin Words and Phrases

If you’re looking for a new personal statement or motto, why not turn to Latin? This language is one of beauty and power, and it makes for some inspiring expressions:

Carpe Diem

You’ve probably heard of this famous Latin phrase used in English. It’s attributed to the Roman poet Horace. “Carpe diem” means “seize the day.” This relates to making the most of the time you have.

More Lovely Latin Words and Phrases

No matter what kind of situation you encounter, there are some Latin vocabulary terms that can help. These beautiful words will come in handy.


The Latin word “susurrus” means “to whisper.” It’s a lovely word to say and is actually an example of onomatopoeia – a word that sounds like its action.

A Dead Language With a Legacy

When you look at how beautiful the Latin language is, it’s easy to see why it has had such an influence on other languages of the world. Even though Latin is no longer spoken and is technically a dead language, you can see Latin root words in English and many other languages still spoken today.

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