Xu Hướng 11/2022 # 100 Useful Performance Review Phrases / 2023 # Top 13 View | Hoisinhvienqnam.edu.vn

Xu Hướng 11/2022 # 100 Useful Performance Review Phrases / 2023 # Top 13 View

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Employee performance reviews are key to offering helpful feedback to managers and employees.

But not knowing what to say or write can make the process downright painful — especially when you’re on a deadline.

If you do annual performance reviews, it’s important to get it right. This is key to boosting employee engagement. 

In this post, we’ll share 100 of the most useful performance review phrases you can use during your next round of employee reviews.

If you’re a manager, these are great ways to communicate with your reports. If you’re an employee, these can work equally well for your self-evaluation.

That being said, let’s jump right in.

Why Worry About Phrasing for Your Performance Review?

Many of today’s performance reviews aren’t nearly as effective as they could be. Let me explain.

Fast Company reports that 74% of younger workers walk out of performance reviews unsure of what their managers actually think of their performance. Think about that!

This mirrors the fact that, according to our own research, 79% of employees don’t think their organization’s review process is all that good to begin with. 

No matter how good your performance reviews are, you could almost certainly do better.

Effective Performance Review Phrases for Your Next performance Review

If you want more inspiration, these performance review examples are based off the book Effective Phrases for Performance Appraisals.

When you include these in your performance reviews, you’ll communicate positive and constructive feedback more clearly — which is exactly the kind of useful communication employees need.

Keep in mind that these are starter phrases and you should be specific when you’re writing any feedback for reviews.


Performance Review Phrases Examples about Achievement

Creating a positive work environment and fostering positive attitudes start with acknowledging the achievements of your peers and subordinates. The following phrases could help with that:

Achieves optimal levels of performance and accomplishment with / for …

Provides strong evidence of [specific accomplishment]

Excels at developing programs / strategies that have delivered X results

Improved production by X% through [specific task]

Exceeded the original goal of X by X% through [specific task]

Performance Review Phrases Examples about


Whether you have a proper team or a one-person department whose job description entails looking after the administrative tasks, use the following phrases to evaluate their performance:

    Continuously examines administrative effectiveness and seeks better procedures such as [tasks]

    Develops successful administrative strategies such as [task] that led to [results]

    Establishes effective systems for information retrieval through [task]

    Improves administrative support systems through [task]

    Keeps documents organized via [task] to avoid duplicate information


    Performance Review Phrases Examples about


    The ability to coach and guide others says a lot about a leader. Here are some phrases that could potentially help you review that quality:

      Shows a sincere interest in employees and the solutions to their problems

      Lends support and guidance to employees by [task]

      Uses sound coaching techniques to solve disciplinary problems

      Provides continuous coaching

      Is highly respected by employees for sharing concerns, problems, and opportunities


      Performance Review Phrases Examples about

      The ability to clearly communicate is a management skill that’s a must for every employee along the chain.

      In reality, this is an umbrella term that includes oral, written, non-verbal, and listening skills.

      Here are some useful phrases that could help you express your feedback regarding this area:

        Effectively communicates expectations

        Excels in facilitating group discussions

        Keeps meetings action-oriented by task

        Effectively communicates upward, downward, and laterally

        Enforces company policies and values without creating negative reactions

        Performance Review Phrases Examples about

        Are your employees getting along and cooperating on projects? Is everyone being a model team player?

        Use these phrases to report on these qualities:

          Encourages collaboration with the team

          Shares ideas and techniques

          Builds strong relationships with others by [task]

          Displays a harmonious and cooperative spirit by [task]

          Gladly shares expertise

          Performance Review Phrases Examples about


          Establishing a culture of out-of-box thinking can go a long way in ensuring business success – regardless of your industry.

          Use these phrases to evaluate the creative-mindset of your employee/manager:

            Seeks creative alternatives such as [examples] that drove [results]

            Clever and imaginative when confronted with obstacles

            Is continuously experimenting to drive [results]

            Initiates and executes creative ideas such as [example]

            Seeks new ideas and approaches 

            Performance Review Phrases Examples about Delegating

            Are your managers doing a good enough job at delegating tasks and dividing the load? These phrases could help:

              Empowers employees with the authority and resources to achieve X results

              Helps employees gain visibility through [task]

              Encourages employees to solve their own problems

              Delegates to match personal strengths

              Delegates with clearly defined responsibility and authority


              Performance Review Phrases Examples about


              If your teams/individuals aren’t showing any improvement — whether in terms of hitting a KPI or how they interact with each other — you should be concerned.

              Consider using these phrases to evaluate this area:

                Develops continuous improvement methods

                Conceives of totally new strategies

                Continues to grow and improve

                Devises improved means of accomplishing results

                Is continuously planning for improvement

                Performance Review Phrases Examples about


                Innovation, whether in terms of business strategies or coming up with a new product, is important if you want to keep your business relevant.

                Here are some performance review phrases you can use to gauge the quality of innovative thinking in your employees:

                  Develops innovative strategies such as [example] …

                  Seeks innovative solutions

                  Fosters a curiosity for innovative possibilities

                  Promotes innovation by [example]

                  Performance Review Phrases Examples about

                  Interpersonal Skills

                  How are your employees working together as a team? Would you say that you are satisfied with the level of dependability in your workplace?

                  You can express your feedback through the following phrases:

                    Recognizes the needs of others and reaches out to lend a helping hand

                    Establishes effective working relationships

                    Generates synergy

                    Builds on mutual dependence and understanding

                    Promotes the company culture among peers

                    Performance Review Phrases Examples about

                    Learning Ability

                    The ability to learn new skills and grasp complex concepts is a necessary quality for successful teams.

                    To find out where you stand in this department, consider throwing in the following phrases to your reviews:

                      Displays an ability to learn rapidly and adapt quickly to changing situations

                      Shares learning experiences with peers

                      Promotes a learning culture

                      Committed to continuously learning through [example]

                      Responds quickly to new instructions, situations, methods, and procedures

                      Performance Review Phrases Examples about

                      Being able to manage a team is more than just giving pep talks and delegating tasks. It involves a whole lot of other things as well, such as supporting your team, making difficult discussions, and offering both positive and negative feedback.

                      Employees can use the following phrases to evaluate the management capabilities of their supervisors:

                        Provides team with support through [example]

                        Collaborates with individual team members to establish a development path

                        Holds employees accountable for their own results

                        Provides team with the resources needed to attain results

                        Provides support during periods of organizational change



                        How good are your teams at planning ahead and looking at the big pictures?

                        Make sure that you evaluate this area properly by using the following phrases:

                          Develops workable action plans

                          Creates flexible plans to meet changing opportunities

                          Effectively puts plans into action

                          Excels in developing strategic alternatives

                          Formulates strategies, tactics, and action plans to drive X results


                          Managers need to realize the hidden potential of their subordinates and give credit where it’s due.

                          Here are a few phrases that could help you discover that potential in your company’s next performance review:

                            Is capable of distinguished performance in a higher-level position

                            Has reached the level for promotional consideration

                            Can handle bigger projects and assignments

                            Is enhancing growth potential through additional education and training


                            Not every employee is a problem-solver. It requires a combination of creative thinking, a proactive mindset, and the ability to remain calm under pressure.

                            You can use these performance review phrases to rate the problem-solving skills of your employees:

                              Displays a practical approach to solving problems

                              Develops creative solutions

                              Turns problems into opportunities

                              Effectively solves problems rather than symptoms

                              Is skilled in proposing optional solutions


                              Performance Review Phrases Examples about


                              At the end of the day, employee productivity is what REALLY impacts your bottom line. To make sure that everyone’s meeting the expectations, use these phrases to evaluate their performance:

                                Exceeds normal output standards

                                Continuously produces more than expected

                                Is an important contributor to the successes of the department

                                Makes a substantial contribution to the continued operation and growth of the organization

                                Consistently exceeds performance goals


                                Performance Review Phrases Examples about Project Management

                                These apply mostly to supervisors who lead projects. But a few can also be used for evaluating the performance of certain employees who step up:

                                  Completed X project with X results

                                  Sets realistic timetables to keep projects on target

                                  Is transparent with a project’s progress

                                  Makes effective use of all available resources when given a project

                                  Clearly establishes project goals and objectives


                                  Performance Review Phrases Examples about

                                  Supervisory Skills

                                  These apply only to managers and supervisors — not subordinates:

                                    Gives consistent recognition to employees

                                    Maintains a work situation which stimulates the growth of individual employees

                                    Makes certain that employees have a clear understanding of their responsibilities

                                    Is readily available for support to employees

                                    Recognizes and deals with signs of employee burnout


                                    Performance Review Phrases Examples about

                                    Time is the most crucial resource for any professional.

                                    Are your employees making full use of this immensely important resource? Use the following phrases to find out:

                                      Consistently meets all deadlines

                                      Prepares meeting agendas that are concise and time-saving

                                      Keeps meetings on schedule

                                      Respects the time of others

                                      Makes effective use of discretionary time

                                      Performance Review Phrases Examples about


                                      Last, but not least, are your managers and their subordinates passionate enough towards achieving your company’s vision?

                                      Use the following phrases to find out:

                                        Excels in living the organization’s values

                                        Promotes strong support of the company’s mission and vision

                                        Is able to turn visions into actual action plans

                                        Demonstrates an ability to transfer vision into execution

                                        Excels in contributing to the company’s goals 


                                        These words mean nothing unless you attach specific examples and data to them.

                                        Now you have the template and phrases to get started, it’s time to reevaluate your performance review process and make sure it’s truly effective. 

                                        When review cycles have a 12-month lag, it’s easy for managers to focus on what’s fresh in their minds.

                                        But this brushes aside any positive or negative behavior that has gone unaddressed.

                                        Lisa Mullen, Manager of Corporate Human Resources at Halogen Software, believes that the review process should be a year-round activity.

                                        “Managers should take the opportunity to discuss and record milestones, accomplishments, successes, and challenges as they occur, when the details are fresh.”

                                        Globoforce highlights the importance of crowdsourcing feedback:

                                        80% of employees see crowdsourced feedback as more accurate

                                        80% of peer-reviewed employees get a better understanding of their strengths and weaknesses

                                        Employees want to be evaluated by people other than their direct managers, and multiple viewpoints allow you to get a better understanding of an employee’s performance.

                                        That’s why you should use a tool like TINYpulse to keep a pulse on your employees and get comprehensive feedback from their peers, collaborators, and external stakeholders on an ongoing basis.

                                        If you’re not sure what performance review process works for you, ask your employees!

                                        Cindy from Wheelhouse DMG shares how she uses TINYpulse to crowdsource ideas to design their performance review process, which became a huge success for the company.

                                        “And, the feedback we collected afterwards, after reviews were done, is ‘This is so much easier, much better lift,’ and the whole process felt better for everybody.”

                                        —Cindy Larson, Director of People and Operations at Wheelhouse DMG

                                        33 Performance Review Examples And Sample Phrases / 2023

                                        Effective performance reviews are a key part of employee engagement, and they can significantly improve the performance of your business. It can be useful to have some effective performance review phrases to help you conduct an in-depth review that provides valuable feedback on skills and goals that are important to your business’ success. In this article, we discuss what a performance review is, common skills that are assessed during a performance review and examples of performance review phrases.

                                        What is a performance review?

                                        A performance review, also called a performance evaluation or performance appraisal, is an assessment where supervisors review an employee’s performance at work. Throughout the performance review, a supervisor will identify employee’s strengths and weaknesses, set goals and offer feedback for future performance. Many organizations conduct reviews annually and others conduct performance reviews quarterly, monthly or even weekly.

                                        Performance reviews may help employers to:

                                        Give feedback to employees on their current performance and make organization expectations clear.

                                        Identify strengths and weaknesses of individual employees and teams as a whole.

                                        Help team members develop as employees and people.

                                        Allocate promotions or pay raises appropriately.

                                        Explain individual and organizational goals.

                                        Use it as a goal-setting opportunity.

                                        12 common performance review skills

                                        Many performance reviews are categorized by skills and goals with phrases that correlate to each category. Here are 12 common performance review skills:

                                        Examples of effective performance review phrases

                                        The phrases you use in a performance review makes a difference in the overall effectiveness of the review. An effective review should discuss an employee’s strengths and areas of improvement in a way that is constructive and motivating. Divided into categories depending on what skills or goals you are evaluating, here is a list of common performance review phrases for each skill:

                                        1. Creativity and innovation

                                        There are two ways that creativity are essential in the workplace: creative thinking and creative problem-solving. When you are giving a performance review you may consider using phrases similar to these:

                                        2. Adaptability

                                        It is important that employees adapt to change and accept new processes and comply with them. Here are some phrases that may apply to an employee’s adaptability:

                                        3. Communication

                                        Communicating effectively with supervisors, colleagues and clients is essential throughout various industries. Here are phrases that you may use when you give your performance review:

                                        4. Accountability

                                        Employees should strive to be accountable for their own work and own the mistakes they make and do their best to fix them as best they can. This saves time and displays an employee’s integrity. Here are some phrases that you may apply to a positive review of an individual’s accountability.

                                        “Takes ownership in the company’s success and accepts responsibility for oneself and contribution as a team member”

                                        “Admits mistakes and errors and informs others when unable to keep a commitment”

                                        5. Attendance and punctuality

                                        Attendance and reliability are important factors in evaluating individual performance because consistent attendance and punctuality are requirements at most workplaces. While considering your employee’s attendance and punctuality performance, you may write down these sample phrases:

                                        6. Productivity and quality of work

                                        It is essential that employees remain productive during work hours to contribute to the goals of the company while producing high-quality work. Productivity is also a good indicator of an employee’s engagement. Here are some phrases that you may consider when you give a performance review:

                                        7. Achievement

                                        Providing effective feedback on performance reviews includes mentioning employee achievements. Here are some phrases that may help you recognize your employee’s achievements as during their performance reviews:

                                        8. Cooperation

                                        This skill is important to evaluate because an employee should be willing to cooperate with their co-workers to make sure team-based projects and daily tasks are completed in a timely manner. When each person relies on input from others to complete a task, the workflow continues at a steady pace and this can only be achieved through cooperation. Try considering these phrases when you give a performance review:

                                        “Displays a cooperative spirit by performing xx task to contribute to xx project”

                                        “Promotes cooperation well to ensure colleagues work as a team to meet deadlines”

                                        9. Coaching and training

                                        Coaching is the process of assisting employees in improving performance that focuses on closing the gap from where one is to where they want to be. Employees should be coachable so that they can perform at an appropriate level for their job role. Here are phrases that assess coaching and training ability:

                                        “Accepts coaching in various job duties and applies training to improve xx ability”

                                        “Asks for more training when xx processes aren’t clear or understood”

                                        10. Improvement

                                        Each employee will likely have a few areas that they can improve in. It is important to give them specific feedback on areas they may struggle in. This way they can develop a plan to improve their performance. These phrases identify common areas of improvement:

                                        11. Interpersonal skills

                                        Good interpersonal skills combine multiple skills that are often prerequisites for many jobs. Here are some effective phrases tо assist you when you give a performance review оn interpersonal skills:

                                        12. Problem-solving

                                        Problem-solving is the skill of defining a problem to determine its cause, identifying possible solutions and choosing the correct solution for the problem that is presented. Here are problem-solving phrases that will make your employee aware of their problem-solving abilities:

                                        50 Valuable Phrases For Employee Performance Reviews / 2023

                                        Performance reviews provide a great opportunity for HR managers and business owners to point out what their team members are doing right. It can also be an excellent time to boost employee empowerment. However, review time can also present a number of challenges. This is especially true if one of your employees needs to make major improvements in certain areas. It can be useful to have some starter performance review phrases handy to help you conduct a professional and in-depth review that provides valuable feedback and avoids hurt feelings or defensiveness.

                                        50 Valuable Performance Review Phrases

                                        Dependent on your performance appraisal method and set of objectives, these phrases could easily help you become comfortable with giving necessary feedback. Divided into categories depending on what skills or goals you are reviewing, here are 50 of the most valuable phrases that can be customized for your own appraisals.


                                        • Improved production on (x) goal set out at beginning of review period • Exceeded production expectations on (x) goal set out at beginning of review period • Tends to take initiative to gather the information and tools needed to get a project completed on time and above expectations • Sets measurable goals and continually strives to attain them • Struggles to match the results of his/her teammates when it comes to (x)


                                        • Exceeds expectations in arriving on time for meetings and conferences • Improved attendance at non-mandatory training and meetings • Has not met goals set out for arriving on time as set out at beginning of review period • Completes deadlines in a timely manner • Respects the time of others by arriving at team meetings on time


                                        • Has greatly improved on hitting production goals on (x) since last review • Has not displayed consistent productivity improvement since last appraisal • Exceeds output expectations set out for his/her department • Makes a large contribution to the overall success of his/her department through excellent productivity • Consistently falls below others on the team regarding work output

                                        Communication Skills

                                        • Displays improved listening skills in meetings with colleagues and managers • Excels at communicating project expectations to those he/she manages • Needs to work on fully understanding a situation before making defensive explanations • Effectively communicates with team members on projects and delegates when necessary • Builds company morale and cooperation through effective group facilitation


                                        • Effectively collaborates with other team members to get projects finished efficiently • Shows improvement delegating tasks to others when overwhelmed • Excels at sharing knowledge and tips with new team members to help them become part of the team • Could work on helping team members complete tasks for overall success of project • Has a tendency to make others feel hesitant asking him/her for help as they do not know the reaction they will get


                                        • Shows ability to come up with new solutions for problems when old ways of thinking are ineffective • Tends to shut down instead of finding new ways of working when expectations are not met • Displays improvement in taking on new tasks or changing workflow when situation requires • Rigidly sticks to traditional methods of project management even when results do not warrant it • Consistently uses constructive criticism to improve his/her skills and work processes


                                        • Shows curiosity for new ways to thinking and communicating to improve projects and customer satisfaction • Continually pushes for more responsibility and shows willingness to put in extra hours • Is continuously striving to improve skills and production • Lacks the initiative to willingly take on more complicated tasks or projects • Tends to wait for projects to be handed to him/her rather than requesting more responsibility


                                        • Needs to work on talking to employees on their level without being condescending • Clearly understands strengths of team members and delegates accordingly • Displays a strong worth ethic that effectively motivates team members to excel • Promotes a culture of learning and understand that team members respond well to


                                        • Appears to be hesitant when it comes to taking creative risks that are outside the box • Has a vision for the future of the company and applies creative ideas to help implement it • Always contributes fresh ideas at team meetings and on projects • Fails to reward those under his/her management for innovative ideas or suggestions • Strives to always take new information into account and adjust plans accordingly


                                        • Has displayed capability to solve complex problems independently, but tends to defer to others on the team • Shows creativity and initiative when tackling complicated problems • Tends to make excuses and blame others on team when problems arise instead of working to solve them • Recognizes problems when they are at early stages and implements solutions proactively • Empowers those he/she manages to solve problems on their own

                                        Giving employee performance reviews is never easy, though they are certainly necessary. They are also convenient for both your staff and supervisors to come together and find common ground. Keep in mind that these phrases are valuable for employees who are exceeding expectations and for those who might be falling short. All employees should be given goals to work towards during performance reviews.

                                        You must also realize that all employees have room for improvement. By using some of the above performance review phrases, you can make employee appraisals a positive and empowering event. They can also help you navigate cross-cultural differences effectively and provide gentle guidance while still maintaining chúng tôi will find that your employees will feel better about their performance and even strive for greatness, as these valuable phrases will certainly give them confidence.

                                        40 Useful Words And Phrases For Top / 2023

                                        To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered.

                                        Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them.

                                        It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills.

                                        This article is suitable for native English speakers and those who are learning English at Oxford Royale Academy and are just taking their first steps into essay writing.

                                        Let’s start by looking at language for general explanations of complex points.

                                        1. In order to

                                        Usage: “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example: “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”

                                        2. In other words

                                        Usage: Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point. Example: “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.”

                                        3. To put it another way

                                        Usage: This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example: “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.”

                                        4. That is to say

                                        Usage: “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise. Example: “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”

                                        5. To that end

                                        Usage: Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example: “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.”

                                        Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this.

                                        6. Moreover

                                        Usage: Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example: “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…”

                                        7. Furthermore

                                        Usage:This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example: “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”

                                        8. What’s more

                                        Usage: This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example: “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.”

                                        9. Likewise

                                        Usage: Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example: “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.”

                                        10. Similarly

                                        Usage: Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example: “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.”

                                        11. Another key thing to remember

                                        Usage: Use the phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example: “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”

                                        12. As well as

                                        Usage: Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example: “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.”

                                        13. Not only… but also

                                        Usage: This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example: “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.”

                                        14. Coupled with

                                        Usage: Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example: “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…”

                                        15. Firstly, secondly, thirdly…

                                        Usage: This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example: “There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z.

                                        16. Not to mention/to say nothing of

                                        Usage: “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example: “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.”

                                        When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting.

                                        17. However

                                        Usage: Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example: “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.”

                                        18. On the other hand

                                        Usage: Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.”

                                        19. Having said that

                                        Usage: Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example: “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.”

                                        20. By contrast/in comparison

                                        Usage: Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence. Example: “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.”

                                        21. Then again

                                        Usage: Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example: “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.”

                                        22. That said

                                        Usage: This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example: “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.”

                                        23. Yet

                                        Usage: Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example: “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.”

                                        Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so.

                                        24. Despite this

                                        Usage: Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence. Example: “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.”

                                        25. With this in mind

                                        Usage: Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example: “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

                                        26. Provided that

                                        Usage: This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing. Example: “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”

                                        27. In view of/in light of

                                        Usage: These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example: “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…”

                                        28. Nonetheless

                                        Usage: This is similar to “despite this”. Example: “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.”

                                        29. Nevertheless

                                        Usage: This is the same as “nonetheless”. Example: “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.”

                                        30. Notwithstanding

                                        Usage: This is another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example: “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.”

                                        Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing.

                                        31. For instance

                                        Example: “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…”

                                        32. To give an illustration

                                        Example: “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…”

                                        When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such.

                                        33. Significantly

                                        Usage: Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example: “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.”

                                        34. Notably

                                        Usage: This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it). Example: “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.”

                                        35. Importantly

                                        Usage: Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example: “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.”

                                        You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Writing a compelling conclusion is just one of the skills you’ll learn as part of our essay writing courses for 13-15-year-olds and academic writing for 16-18-year-olds . Here are some words and phrases to help you.

                                        36. In conclusion

                                        Usage: Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview. Example: “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.”

                                        37. Above all

                                        Usage: Used to signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay. Example: “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…”

                                        38. Persuasive

                                        Usage: This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example: “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.”

                                        39. Compelling

                                        Usage: Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example: “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.”

                                        40. All things considered

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